Rockville, Connecticut, 1895.
A print reproduction of Rockville, CT, drawn and published by O. H. Bailey & Co. in 1895. Although the Hockanum River had been used by farmers for a grist mill, a saw mill, an oil mill and distillery since around 1740, it was not until 1821 that the first textile mill was built, in what would become Rockville, by Colonel Francis McLean. Taking advantage of a natural dam of solid stone that made a high falls on the Hockanum River, known as "The Rock" by locals, McLean built his water powered mill called the McLean Woolen Factory, also known as the "Rock Mill".
Work in the mills brought many immigrants to Rockville, particularly during the Civil War expansion period, 1860-1875, when many German immigrants arrived and new businesses catering to the German community opened along Village Street.
Today, most of the city has been designated as the Rockville Historic District.
Complete reference list below.
An extensive collection of inset illustrations in the margins include:
"The Rockville", M. McPherson, Proprietor
Rockville Journal, Opera House Building
St. John's Episcopal Church
Union Congregational Church
German Lutheran Church
Talcottville Free Library
Evangelical Lutheran Trinity Church
St. Bernard's Catholic Church
St. Bernard's Parochial School
Residence of A. N. Belding
Residence of Geo. Sykes
Residence of J. C. Hammond, Jr.
Residence of W. H. Prescott
Residence of J. J. Regan
Residence of Henry Adams
Residence of Silas Putnam
Residence and Store of Carlos Doane, General Merchandise, House Furnishings
Keeney Brothers Market
Snipsic Grove, F. H. Thompson, Proprietor
Schmeiske Bros. Florists
Eldredge & Adams, Monumental Works
Arbus Building, Jacob Arbus, Furrier
Weber Building, C. H. Weber, Dry Goods Store
Edward White, Grain & Feed Warehouse
W. J. Norton, Peoples Market
James Breen, Groceries
E. J. Martin, Manufacturer of Braided Silk Fishing Lines
Henry Schmidt, Groceries & Provisions
Congregational Church and Office of Talcott Bros.
The American Mills Co., Fancy Worsteds, Jerseys & Meltons
New England Co.'s Mills, Cassimeres & Worsteds
J. J. Regan, Manufacturer of Yarns & Knit and Woven Fabrics
Community of Vernon
The White, Corbin & Co.'s Envelope Manufactories
Rockville & Ellington St. Railway Co. Gas & Electric Light Works
Springville Mfg. Co., Fancy Worsteds
Hockanum Co., Fancy Cassimeres & Worsteds
Hockanum Co.'s "Saxony Mill"
Rock Manufacturing Co.'s Mills, Cassimeres & Worsteds
Rockville Iron Foundry, H. B. Murlless, Proprietor
Belding Bros. & Co. Machine Twist & Sewing Silk Manufacturers
The Samuel Fitch & Sons Co., Stockinet Mills
The Rockville Warp Mills Co.
The Community of Talcottville
Many of the "Blocks" and major buildings of the city also appear as illustrations,
with references to the businesses within each block or building.
J. C. Whittlesey, Diamonds, Watches, Clocks, Jewelry & Bicycles
John Silcox, Clothing & Gents Furnishings
Sill Bros., Drugs, Medicines, etc.
W. A. Howell, Woolens & Tailoring
Wm. C. Mac George, Dentist
Foster & Brigham, Clothing & Gents Furnishings
Aqueduct Co.s Office
Hammond Tucker Co.
Rockville National Bank
Ohls & Cratty, Tonsorial Rooms
Shedd & Co., Dry Goods
H. B. Topliff Insurance Agency, Life, Fire, Marine, Plate Glass & Accident Insurance
A. R. Newell, Leading Photographer
P. Wendriser & Son Pianos, Organs & All Musical Goods
E. A. Kuhnly, Heating Goods, Plumbing, Gas, Piping, etc.
F. N. Foote, Boots and Shoes, Watches, Clocks & Jewelry
A. H. Crossley, General Agent Co-op Savings Bank
Edward Zimmerman, Barber
G. V. Young Dry & Fancy Goods
Office of E. R. Flint, M.D.
F. Farrenkopf, Fine Family Groceries
E. M. Ogden, Photographer
H. Lester Green, Boot, Shoes & Rubbers
F. I. Hartenstein, Diamonds, Watches & Jewelry
F. A. Randall, Bookseller, Newsdealer, Stationer
Randall & Randall, Insurance
Carroll & McDonnell, Dry Goods, Cloaks, Millinery & Sewing Machines
W. Frank Fay, Law & Coll. Office, Pension Attorney
J. E. Fisk, Attorney at Law
W. H. Loomis, Dentist
Office of Rockville & Ellington St. Railway Co.
J. M. Richardson, Dry & Fancy Goods
Rockville Wheelmens' Club
D. H. Johnson Candy Manufactory
Cavanagh & Burke
Features numbered & lettered references to the following locations:
A. Memorial Hall
2. Post Office
3. New York & New England Rail Road Station
4. High School
5. Public Schools
6. Union Congregational Church
7. Methodist Church
8. Episcopal Church
9. Baptist Church
10. St. Bernard Catholic Church
11. German Lutheran Church
12. Evangelical Lutheran Trinity Church
13. Engine Houses
14. "The Rockville" Hotel
15. Hockanum Co., Manufacturers Worsteds
16. Springville Manufacturing Co., Manufacturers Worsteds
17. White, Corbin & Co., Envelope Manufacturers
18. New England Co., Manufacturers Cassimeres
19. J. J. Regan, Manufacturer Wool & Cotton Yarns and Fabrics
20. Rock Manufacturing Co., Manufacturers Cassimeres and Meltons
21. American Mills Co., Manufacturers Cassimeres and Meltons
22. The S. Fitch & Sons Co., Stockinets & Elderdowns
23. Belding Bros. & Co., Silk Manufacturers
24. The Rockville Warp Mills, Cotton Warps and Tapes
25. Rockville & Ellington St. R. R. Co., Electric & Gas Works
26. Rockville Iron Foundry, Iron Castings
27. A. Pettingill & Son, Electricians and Machinists
28. Fitch Block
29. Bank Building
30. Citizens Building
32. Henry Building
33. Doane Building
34. Exchange Block
35. City Offices, L. T. Tingier, Counselor at Law, L. D. Phelps, Clk. Sup. Ct., A. P. Dickenson, Sheriff
36. Rocky Journal Office, T. S. Pratt, publisher
37. Tolland Co. Leader, B. L. Burr, Editor
38. Wm. Butler & Son, Stoves, Furnaces, etc.
39. Frank Grant, Windows, Doors, Blinds, etc.
40. A. K. & P. Talcott, General Merchandise
41. Parker & Barber, General Hardware
42. Geo. W. Allen, Dentist, R. J. Irwin, General Insurance Agent
43. T. A. Lake, Wholesale & Retail Lumber & Builders Supplies
44. Keeney Bros., Groceries & Provisions
45. Eldredge & Adams, Monumental Works
46. Wm. P. Robertson, Doors, Sash & Blinds, Pl. & Scroll Sawing, Lumber dressed to order.
47. W. B. Martin, Coal & Wood, Wholesale and REtail.
48. Armour & Co., Dressed Beef Dept., R. H. Leonard
49. C. E. Shepard, Metropolitan Hotel
50. J. Pinder, Candy Manufacturer, Ice Cream & Confectionery
51. J. H. Brown, Viennese Bakery & Restaurant
52. N. & A. Brown, Fashion, Millinery
53. L. Hartenstein, Jr., Model Barber Shop
54. L. Cuneo, Fruit, Confectionery, Ice Cream, Cigars, etc.
55. A. S. Goldberg, Boots & Shoes, Repairing
56. S. A. Root, Painter & Wood Finisher
57. C. J. Leibe, Boots, Shoes & Rubbers
58. C. S. Bestor, Central Market
59. Cavanagh & Burke, Furniture & Carpets, Undertaking
60. M. Hunger, Workingmen's & Fine Shoes
61. C. Graf, Machinist, Lock & Gunsmith
62. Mrs. E. B. Maher, Union St. Restaurant
63. Jacob Arbus, Furrier, Hats, Caps and Gents Furnishing Goods
64. Carlos Doane, General Merchandise Store
65. G. M. Bolton, Photographer
66. E. H. Preston, Undertaking, Furniture, Carpets, etc.
67. Office & Residence, W. C. Tillottson, M.D.
68. Wm. Fitch, Livery, Feed & Sale Stable
69. Edward White, Grain and Feed, Wholesale and Retail
70. E. M. Angevine, Hack, Livery, Boarding and Feed Stable. F. S. Charter, D. V. S.
71. F. E. Willis, Ice Dealer, Trucking & etc.
72. H. A. Stephan, General Blacksmith
73. F. W. Bradley, Feed, Livery and Trucking
74. O. C. West, Wholesale & Retail, Ice Dealer
75. Schmeiske Bros., Florists
76. C. H. Weber, Dry and Fancy Goods, Toys, etc.
77. H. Scheiner, Grocer
78. H. C. Fromm, Boots & Shoes, Repairing
79. J. Breen, General Groceries & Provisions
80. Wm. J. Norton, Meat and Provisions Store
81. Wm. Petig, Meat Market
83. Ernest Glaeser, General Groceries
84. J. F. Selter, Jeweler and Musical Instruments, Repairing
85. John Grote, Market
86. Chas Backhofen, Cigar Manufacturer, Smokers' Goods
87. Wm. Milne, Horse Shoer and General Jobber
88. F. R. Rau, Meat Market
89. Henry Schmidt, General Groceries & Provisions
90. W. E. Strong, Meat & Provisions Market
91. Rob't Manock, Soap Manufacturer
92. G. G. Tillinghast, General Store and Vernon Fruit & Poultry Farm
93. Ravine Mills Co.
94. Vernon Woolen Co.
95. New York & New England Rail Road Station, J. J. Dwyer, Agent
96. Talcottville Mills, Manufacturers Union Cassimeres
97. Talcott Bros. Office
98. Talcottville Free Library