Map showing the Port Royal
Railroad and its connections.
Charleston, South Carolina was founded in 1670. The city was one of the largest in colonial America.
Columbia, South Carolina was settled on the east bank of the Congaree River in the late 1700's.
When South Carolina was made a state in 1788, Columbia, because of its central location, was named state capital.
A canal leading to the port town of Charleston was built in the early 1800's.
Railroads reached Columbia in the 1840's. The town was then a major cotton and woolen commercial center.
South Carolina seceded from the Union in 1860, but was readmitted in 1868.
Many South Carolina towns were left in ashes following the American Civil War. At the war’s end Columbia experienced a major reconstruction of its buildings and damaged railroad system.
Building began in 1870 of the Port Royal Railroad. It was completed from Port Royal to Yemassee, South Carolina in 1871. In 1873 the line reached Augusta, Georgia. The company declared bankruptcy that same year and was later sold to the Port Royal & Augusta Railway.
Much of the line is now a paved cycling and pedestrian trail known as the Spanish Moss Trail.
This map of the southern United States was published in 1870 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. It shows waterways, cities, towns, counties, and the clearly labeled railroad network with mileage noted between stations.
Included are portions of Kentucky, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee.