New York Central and Hudson
This outline map of the northeastern United States was published in 1900 by Matthews-Northrup Company for the New York Central and Hudson River Railroad Company’s annual report of that year. It shows cities, towns and waterways. The railroad system is color-coded and labeled.
The New York Central Railroad was formed in 1853 when ten small lines from Buffalo and Albany were consolidated. Cornelius Vanderbilt gained control of the company in the 1860's. His aim was to connect the railroad with the popular Hudson River Railroad which followed the river south into New York City. Vanderbilt did just that by consolidating the New York Central and the Hudson River Railroad in 1869.
That same year, construction began on the Grand Central Terminal on the corner of 42nd Street and 4th Avenue in Manhattan, New York. The Brooklyn Bridge was completed in 1883, linking Brooklyn with Manhattan. The Statue of Liberty was dedicated in 1886. Frédéric Bartholdi designed the statue representing "Libertas", the Roman goddess of freedom. The statue was constructed in France and shipped overseas in parts that were assembled on a pedestal on New York Harbor’s Bedloe’s Island. The island is now called Liberty Island and the neoclassical sculpted “Mother of Exiles” remains a symbol of American freedom.
In 1892 Ellis Island took over, from New York’s Fort Clinton, as the most active point of entry for millions of immigrants into the United States.