Northern Pacific Railroad
Company, completed road, September 5th 1882.
The Northern Pacific Railroad was constructed under an act of Congress approved by Abraham Lincoln on July 2, 1864 with a land grant of nearly 40 million acres. Work began on the railroad in 1870 to extend the 6,800 miles of line between Minnesota and Washington State.
In 1870 officials of the railroad purchased 700 acres of land at the mouth of the Kalama River,including the small settlement there. The Northern Pacific Railroad established their headquarters there, at what was called Kalama. There the company built a sawmill, a dock, a turntable, a roundhouse, and car shops. In town, the railroad built a fine hotel, a hospital, stores, and homes. Kalama is still visible as the I-5 Interstate corridor passes through it.
During 1882 the railroad promised to extend it main line from Kalama, Washington to Portland, Oregon.
Completed in 1883, the Northern Pacific Railway approximates the route of exploration taken by Lewis and Clark between 1804 and 1806.
This map of northern and western United States was published in 1882 by Rand, McNally & Co. It shows relief, drainage, cities, towns, and the railroad network of 1882.
Included are portions of Washington, Oregon, Idaho, Montana, Wyoming, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin, South Dakota and North Dakota.
This statement is included on the map: "The gap, now under construction, between the Eastern and Western Divisions, is about 485 miles, and will be completed during the summer of 1883, making a through line from the Great Lakes to the Pacific Ocean."