Historic Railroad Map of New Hampshire - 1894

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New Hampshire was made a state in 1788, and in 1808 Concord was designated as the state capital.

Concord was well-known for its fine furniture makers in the 1800's. Granite was also quarried aggressively at Concord. The community was connected to Boston by way of the Middlesex Canal. It was a major railroad center in the late 1800's.

The railroads that extended through New Hampshire in the mid-1800's enabled goods, produced in New Hampshire, to be transported faster and more abundantly. Because of the railroads, New England manufacturers and farmers were now able to ship goods to the larger markets of Baltimore, New York and Philadelphia more efficiently. The railroads also opened up the beauties of New England to vacationers and adventurers during that era.

Since 1850, much attention was given to a railroad connection between Portland, Maine and Ogdensburg, New York. Ogdensburg's location along the St. Lawrence River, was an important link with Canada, and residents of Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine quite eagerly supported the proposed line.

The railroad's route was conditionally approved to cut through the White Mountains by way of Crawford Notch. Crawford Notch was a steep rugged gorge of the Saco River.The railroad line was to span the gorge using a long trestle.

The trestle was designed to be built of wood, but after the wood shipment coming from the South was reportedly lost at sea, the Niagara Bridge Works Company of Buffalo, New York stepped up and offered to build the trestle using iron. The iron structure, named Frankenstein Trestle, was much more costly, but proved to be an important part of the railroad's route, as it unveiled the wonderous scenery in that part of the White Mountain region. The Frankenstein Trestle was named for the overhanging cliff which rose over 2500 feet vertically at one side of the line. The cliff had been previously named after a landowner; it had nothing to do with Mary Shelley's published work of 1818. When the span was completed over the gorge in 1875, it was considered a modern engineering marvel.

The Portland & Ogdensburg Railroad went bankrupt in 1888 and its line was completed by the Maine Central Railroad.

Today the railroad still carries passengers through the White Mountainsand the trestle is part of the “Notch Train” route of the Conway Scenic Railroad.

This township and county map published in 1894 shows relief, cities and towns, and the railroad network distinguished by color and name. Railroads include the Boston & Maine, the Concord & Montreal, the Fitchburg, the Grand Trunk, and the Maine Central.


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