Globe Lesson 4 - The Compass - Grade 4-5

 
Skills used Latitude & Longitude
  Using scale to measure distance
  Using direction
   
Vocabulary compass, navigation
   
Materials Needed Globe in Horizon Ring Mounting

 


Lesson

In your study of history you will learn about improvements that the compass brought to navigation during the period of exploration. You will learn that the needle of the compass always aligns north and south. But, is this always true? You can use your globe to find out.

 

 
On your globe circle the small "+" symbol that you will find near 78N/105W. What does this symbol represent?
(1.) ___________________________________________________________________

 

 
The magnetic north pole is the location at which the head of the compass needle actually points. Approximately how far is the magnetic north pole from the geographic, or true, north pole?
(2.) _______________________________________________________________________

 

 
If you had a magnetic compass in an airplane at 85N/105W, in what direction would the head of the needle point? (3.) _________________________

 

 
If you were in Nome, Alaska at 65N/165W, what direction would the head of your compass needle point? (4.) _______________________________

 

 
In which of the following cities would a magnetic compass needle most accurately point to the geographic north pole?
    a. Atlanta, Georgia at 34N/84W
    b. Los Angeles, California at 34N/118W.

     

 

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