|Skills used||Latitude & Longitude|
|Using scale to measure distance|
|Tracing routes on a map|
|Vocabulary||Underground Railroad, abolitionist|
|Materials Needed||Globe in Horizon Ring Mounting|
|Before slavery was abolished in the United States a network of
routes called the Underground Railroad was used by salves
to escape to freedom. Most of these routes ran north to free states such
as Indiana, Ohio, and Pennsylvania and even to Canada. Not all escape
routes for slaves ran north, however.
|On your globe, circle the city of Nassau, Bahamas at 25N/77W. The
Bahamas are a group of islands near the southeast coast of Florida. In
the mid 1800s they were part of the British Empire and slavery was
|Draw a line on your globe from Nassau to the Straits of Florida at
24N/81W. From this location, continue your line to the westernmost part
of Florida at 30N/87W. This location is the site of Pensacola, Florida.
|In 1844 a Massachusetts abolitionist by the name of
Jonathan Walker tried to smuggle seven slaves from Pensacola to the
Bahamas. In this case his attempt was unsuccessful. Walker's boat was
captured just off the southern tip of Florida and the slaves were
returned to their owners. Use you globe's mileage ring to determine how
close the slaves came to gaining their freedom.
(1.) ________________________ Walker himself was imprisoned and branded with the letters "SS" which stood for "slave stealer".
|Other escape routes led south from Texas into Mexico, where slavery
had been abolished, and some slaves even fled south into the swamps of
south Florida where they were taken in by Seminole Indians who were
still at war with the United States.
|Because of the Fugitive Slave Law or 1850, many routes of the Underground Railroad continued through the free states into Canada. About how far would someone fleeing slavery have to travel if traveling from Memphis, Tennessee, at 35N/90W, to the nearest part of Canada, which is just across a river from Detroit, Michigan at 420N/830W? (2.) ___________________|
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