Geographic Terms - Grade K-3

 
Glossary
 
bay part of a larger body of water that look like a gulf, but is usually smaller
 
change to make something different
 
city a place where many people live and work
 
city population symbol shows where the city is located and about how many people live there
 
coastline where the water touches the land
 
community larger than a neighborhood, it takes a number of neighborhoods to make up a community
 
compass rose a direction finder drawn on maps
 
continent the largest land areas. The seven continents are Africa, Antarctica, Asia, Australia, Europe, North America, and South America
 
country an area of land where people live under one government. The United States is a country.
 
country boundary symbol a line drawn on a map that shows where the territory of one country begins and another ends
 
country capital a special city in each country where the government leaders meet to do their work
 
desert a region with very little rainfall
 
east to the right of a person standing on the Earth facing the North Pole
 
Equator a line drawn on maps and globes that is halfway between the North Pole and the South Pole
 
forest a growth of trees covering a large area
 
globe a model of the Earth
 
gulf a part of a larger body of water, usually an ocean or a sea. A gulf makes an indentation in the coastline.
 
hill a piece of land that is higher than the land around it, but not as high as a mountain
 
intermediate directions those direction found halfway between the mail directions of north, south, east, and west
 
island a body of land completely surrounded by water
 
job the type of work a person does
 
lake a body of water completely surrounded by land
 
land elevation the height of the land above the surface of the ocean
 
main directions north, south, east, and west
 
map a drawing of someplace on the Earth
 
map grid system a series of crossing lines used to find places on maps
 
map legend the place on the map that explains the meaning of the symbols
 
map scale used to measure distance between places on a map
 
mountain a piece of land that rises high above the land around it
 
natural feature something not made by people. Examples would be trees, mountains, and rivers.
 
natural resource the land and water features of the Earth that are used to meet a need
 
need something people must have
 
neighborhood a place where people live close to one another
 
north toward the North Pole
 
northeast halfway between north and east
 
North Pole the place on the Earth that is the farthest north
 
northwest halfway between north and west
 
ocean the largest water areas. The four oceans are the Arctic, Atlantic, Indian, and Pacific
 
peninsula a piece of land with water on three sides
 
people made features something that is made by peoples. Examples would be cars, buildings, and streets
 
physical map a map that shows land elevations
 
plain an almost level area of land
 
plateau a flat piece of land with a high land elevation
 
political map a map that shows political division, such as states of the Unites States or countries of the world
 
pollution when your surroundings are unsafe and dirty
 
resource something people use to meet a need
 
river a large stream of water that flows through the land
 
river mouth a place where a river empties into another body of water
 
river source the place where a river begins
 
rural describes a place where few people live and work
 
sea a large body of salt water, smaller than an ocean
 
south toward the South Pole, opposite north
 
southeast halfway between the south and east
 
South Pole the place on the earth that is farthest south
 
southwest halfway between south and west
 
state an area of land that is part of our country. There are fifty states in the United States
 
state boundary symbol a line drawn on a map showing where the territory of one state begins and another ends
 
state capital a city in each state where leaders meet who work for the government
 
suburb a neighborhood away from the downtown area
 
symbol a drawing, line or dot that stands for something else
 
town a small community, smaller that a city
 
traffic the movement of cars, vans, buses, and trucks on streets and highways
 
transportation the movement of people or products from place to place
 
United States Map a map showing all fifty states
 
urban describes a downtown area of a city
 
valley a long, low place between hills or mountains
 
west to the left of a person standing on the Earth facing the North Pole
 
work the activity a person does for which they get paid
 
World map a map that shows the entire world

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