Map of Mississippi, Louisiana
and Arkansas exhibiting the post offices, post roads, canals, and
After Spanish explorers arrived at the Gulf Coast in the early 1500's, the area became a Spanish sea for nearly two hundred years. French explorers came to the gulf in 1700, and founded the city of New Orleans in 1718.
The city of New Orleans was founded by the French owned Company of the West (formerly the Mississippi Company). Named for Philippe d'Orleans, the Duke of Orleans, the city stayed within French control until it was ceded to Spain in 1763. In 1801 the city changed hands again, when the French regained control.
Rivalries between Spain, France and England dominated the Gulf Coast for nearly a century, until the United States bought most of the region from France in 1803 with the Louisiana Purchase. Napoleon sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States in 1803, and New Orleans experienced a population boom shortly thereafter.
The state of Arkansas was one of several states that was formed from the Louisiana Purchase. In 1804 the Territory was divided and in 1819, the Territory of Arkansas was formed. In 1836, the state of Arkansas was admitted to the Union, making it the 25th state.
Van Buren, Arkansas was established along the banks of the Arkansas River as a fueling station for the many steamboats utilizing the river and a landing for ferries. Van Buren was named county seat of Crawford County in 1820 when that county was formed.
Mississippi was made a state in 1817. Officially incorporated in 1825, Vicksburg was named after Methodist minister, Newitt Vick, a conscientious objector during the American Revolutionary War.
Mississippi’s early economy revolved around shipbuilding in the navigable port regions, and agriculture in its inner regions. Cotton was grown abundantly throughout Mississippi’s fertile lands.
This detailed map was published in 1839 by David H. Burr. It shows relief, drainage, cities, towns, canals, and railroads.