Map showing the proposed
Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railroad connecting and extending the
Chattanooga Southern Railway, Marietta and North Georgia Railway,
Knoxville, Cumberland Gap and Louisville Railroad, and Morristown and
Cumberland Gap Railroad.
In June of 1796 Tennessee became the 16th state to be admitted to the United States, and was the first state to be created from U.S. federal territory. Previously a part of North Carolina, the land was given to the U.S. government in 1790 and was reorganized as the Southwest Territory. The state is now home to several large cities, including Nashville, Memphis, and Chattanooga.
Jackson, Tennessee was established in the 1800's as a railroad junction town. Important railroad repair shops were built there.
The Mobile & Ohio Railroad reached Jackson in 1858. This important transportation line suffered greatly during the American Civil War due to constant sabotage. At the war’s end most southern cities experienced some sort of reconstruction to their buildings and damaged railroad systems. In the years following the war, Jackson maintained as an agricultural center with important railroad yards and railroad connections.
Alabama became a state in 1819. The early economy there centered around shipbuilding in the navigable port regions and agriculture in its inner regions.
In 1871 Birmingham was established at the location where a number of railroad lines were expected to cross. The chosen site was found to contain rich deposits of iron ore, coal and limestone, ensuring its future as a important southern steel making town.
This map of the southern United States was published in 1892 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. It shows relief, drainage, cities, towns, and the railroad network of 1892.