Historic Map - Cairo, IL - 1867

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View of Cairo, Alexander County, I.L., 1867 / drawn & published by A. Ruger.

This aero-view print of Cairo, Illinois was drawn by Albert Ruger and published by Chicago Lith. Co. in 1867. Cairo was founded in the 1830's at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers by the Cairo City & Canal Company. A valued riverboat port, Cairo became a strategic stronghold during the American Civil War as both a supply depot and training center.

Citizens put their personal loyalties aside and welcomed troops beginning in 1861. Most union soldiers instilled believed Cairo residents to be southern sympathizers and much caution was observed.

Cairo prospered greatly with the war, as demand for supplies and basics rose. Captain Ulysses Grant maintained his headquarters in Cairo from September of 1861 until April of 1862. Cairo’s important location proved good control over the waterways and many shipments of contraband were stopped or prevented by Union troops here.

The map from 1867 includes labeled streets, buildings and railroad routes. Cairo’s port scene is indicated and featured steamboats include the “Ruth”, “Baltic” and “Cumberland”.

Features references to the following locations:

  1. Court House.
  2. School Houses.
  3. Market House.
  4. I. C. R. R. Depot.
  5. Gas Works.
  6. Episcopal Church.
  7. Catholic Church.
  8. Methodist Church.
  9. Presbyterian Church.
  10. Loretto Convent.
  11. Custom House.
  12. U. S. Commissary.
  13. St. Charles Hotel.


Archive Paper

Archive Paper

Premium fine art paper that provides accurate color reproduction with high-contrast, high-resolution print output and maximum image permanence. A high-quality print ready for framing.

  • Museum quality paper for high-quality fine art.
  • Ultra smooth, neutral white matte finish.
  • Heavy-weight 230 gsm, 9.5 mil thickness.
  • Printed with pigment inks for longer print life and enhanced fade resistance.
  • Pigment based Canon LUCIA inks provide smooth tones and rich colors in fine, precise detail.
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