This cadastral map detailing Lucas County, Ohio was engraved on stone by W.H. Rease and published in 1861 by J.D. & E. Janney. It displays wards, major buildings, block numbers, waterways, plank roads, and railroad routes. Inset maps portray Part of Maumee, Plan of Toledo, East Oregon, Plan of Sylvania, and Maumee City. Business directories and detailed illustrations of important residences and public buildings adorn the ornately bordered map.
In the years following the Indian wars that opened up settlement of areas of northwest Ohio the region now known as Lucas County was claimed by both Ohio and the Michigan Territory. In 1835 when Michigan petitioned for statehood it attempted to include the area, but the Ohio General Assembly acted quickly in organizing most of the disputed portion as Lucas County and named it after the incumbent state governor Robert Lucas.
Toledo was founded along the west bank of the Maumee River in 1833 when two towns, Port Lawrence and Vistula, merged to entice the state legislature to name it as the terminus of the Miami & Erie Canal. The terminus was designated just north of town in Manhattan with a convenient side-cut into Toledo.
Plank roads were popular in northwest Ohio during the 1840's. Some said they were easier to use and cheaper to build than railroads. The preferred timber for plank roads in Lucas County was hemlock. Hemlock was expected to last for seven years as a road surface and could be harvested along its line.
Toledo grew fast because of its position along the railway between New York and Chicago. Toledo maintained a number of furniture manufacturers, carriage makers and breweries. It was also a major glassmaking town, producing windows, bottles and glass art. As railroads began to replace canals as the preferred mode of transportation, Toledo became a prominent center for several railroad companies.
Questions about the Historic Railroad Map of Lucas County, OH - 1861?
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