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Historic Railroad Map of Missouri - 1860

Code:
1W-MO-RR-1860
Shipping Weight:
0.00 pounds
Starting at $29.95

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Description

Map of the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad and its connections published by the American Railway Review, New York.

The Hannibal & St. Joseph Railway was an important connection for westward travel in the 1800's. Before the line was completed there was not a speedy or safe way to transport goods across Missouri. St. Joseph, being the westbound travel center that it was in the mid-1800's, necessitated a good cross-state railway route.

Building began on the railroad in 1851 west from Hannibal. Following a government public land grant of nearly 600,000 acres in 1852, the railroad was able to clear and lay tracks east from St. Joseph. Before completion when the line was within 100 miles of linking in the middle, stagecoaches were used to finish the trip.

At the completion celebration at Cream Ridge, east of Chillicothe, a gold spike was driven to much fanfare. A vessel of Mississippi water was carried by rail and deposited into the Missouri River to signify the new link.

The Hannibal & St. Joseph was the first railroad to use four feet, eight and one-half inch rails which we now call standard-gauge rails. On April 3, 1860 during a planned attempt to surpass the railroad’s normal travel time from Hannibal to St. Joseph that usually took 12 hours, engineer Adison Clark drove the locomotive “Missouri” and one baggage car on an impressive four hour and twenty minute trip over the 190 mile railway. This feat enabled the railway to secure a contract with the United States Mail Service to expressly connect with the westward Pony Express offices at St. Joseph.

Two years later as Missourians were questioning whether to secede with the South, the Hannibal & St Joseph Railway was of great controversy. The majority of its stockholders and principal officers were northerners. Because of this the railroad sustained much damage in those years. In 1861 a bridge crossing the Platte River was destroyed allowing a train full of passengers to plummet into the river killing several.

This township map of northern Missouri and parts of Kansas and Illinois was drawn by G. Woolworth Colton in 1860. It features rivers, cities and towns, railroads, and the land grant to the Hannibal & St. Joseph Railroad. Railroad profile is visible across the bottom of the map. Chartered in 1847 and completed in 1859.

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