Railroad Map of New England and
Eastern New York compiled from the most authentic sources.
In 1849 New England railroads were gaining much attention, as farmers and manufacturers of the region were realizing new hopes and possibilities.
Before the railroads, farmers of New England were largely producing crops for their own use and not exporting much at all. Manufactured goods, such as furniture, tools, textiles and soaps, were mainly produced to supply locals. With the added railroads of the mid-1800's, manufacturers and farmers were now able to quickly ship goods to most other parts of the country.
With new farming areas in the western states competing with New England farmers for production of staples, New England farmers began concentrating on cultivating products used in the making of the latest local manufactures including potash, charcoal, and pearlash. Tobacco also was grown in New England vigorously during this time.
In the year of this map’s publishing, Boston was experiencing a major outbreak of cholera. From June to November of 1849 nearly 700 cases of cholera were reported, mostly resulting in death. According to J.H. McCollom’s “Boston Medical and Surgical Journal” of 1892, one doctor at the time reported that “the cases of cholera were found chiefly among the foreigners, and that they were mostly intemperate subjects.”
Features portions of New York, Connecticut, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, Vermont, New Hampshire and Maine. An inset map of Boston Harbor appears at the right. This map published in 1849 by Austin & Co. shows railroads that are completed, located, and in progress.