Traveling Map of the Western
This colorful map of the north-central United States between Ohio and Nebraska was published in 1863 by Edward Mendenhall. It displays counties, towns and villages, stations, the railways, rivers, canals and lakes. It is surrounded by an ornate border.
Railroads were an important factor during the American Civil War. Supplying troops was of utmost concern for both the Union and Confederacy and railroads made this possible. Many railway lines were fought over during the war.
The Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 led to the expansion of railroads in the west. US Government officials expected to bolster the Union by connecting the valued resources found in the west.
Railroads in the north-central states continued to prop up their networks for the growing industry. Railroads in Indiana added many miles of track during the 1850's. So many immigrated to Indiana in that decade, that it became the nation's fourth largest state by 1860, according to population.
During the war many new branches of Michigan's railroad system were added to transport the state's many manufactures. Millions of dollars were spent on thousands of miles of railroads within the borders of Illinois during this era of expansion. Most of which had been done with private capital.
According to the census of 1860 Illinois contained 1,723,663 people.
Missourians had questioned whether to secede with the South. This led to a great deal of controversy over the Hannibal & St Joseph Railway. The majority of the railroad’s stockholders and principal officers were northerners, and with that, the railroad sustained much damage during the war.