Historic Railroad Map of the Midwest - 1881

Starting at $34.00

Adding to cart… The item has been added


Maps showing the Toledo, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad and its connections.

This map of the Middle West United States was published in 1881 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. It features portions of Iowa, Wisconsin, Michigan, Ohio, Kentucky, Indiana, Illinois, Missouri, Kansas, Arkansas and Tennessee. Shown are counties, cities, towns, waterways, coal fields, and the railroad and steamboat network of the 1880's. Included is an inset map of the lower U.S. states and Mexico.

The Toledo, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad was a narrow gauge (3 foot) line that began as a subsidiary of the Toledo, Delphos & Burlington Railroad, which had earlier merged with the 4 ft 10 in gauge Iron Railroad. The two lines merged in 1881 retaining the Toledo, Cincinnati & St. Louis name. A third rail was installed within the larger gauge rails of the portion that had been the Iron Railroad to accommodate the narrow gauge locomotives of the Toledo, Cincinnati & St. Louis Railroad. Two years later the railroad was forced into bankruptcy and later was split up, converted to standard (4 ft 8 ½ in) gauge, and sold in portions.

Between the Little Miami and Great Miami rivers on the north shore of the Ohio River, Cincinnati began as a small settlement called "Losantiville" in 1788. Losantiville faced the mouth of the Licking River. Its name was changed in 1790 to Cincinnati.

Construction began in 1825 on the Miami and Erie Canal. The canal began operations in 1827 linking Cincinnati to Middletown, and then later Toledo, Ohio.

Toledo was founded along the west bank of the Maumee River in 1833. The city grew fast with the addition of the Miami and Erie Canal, as well as other connecting canals. Toledo boasted furniture manufacturers, carriage makers and breweries. Toledo became a major glassmaking town, producing windows, bottles and glass art. When the railroads began to replace the canals as the preferred mode of transportation, Toledo became an important center for several railroad companies.

After the American Civil War, Cincinnati prospered with the production of iron. It also was an important meatpacking, woodworking and millinery town. The Little Miami Railroad began serving Cincinnati in 1836. The first road and railway bridge crossing the Mississippi River was completed at St. Louis in 1874. The bridge was the longest arch bridge in the world at that time with a length of 1,964 meters. It was the first time true steel had been used in bridgework.

In 1881 Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell formed the Oriental Telephone Company of New York. In that same year the Canadian Pacific Railway was incorporated.


Archive Paper

Archive Paper

Premium fine art paper that provides accurate color reproduction with high-contrast, high-resolution print output and maximum image permanence. A high-quality print ready for framing.

  • Museum quality paper for high-quality fine art.
  • Ultra smooth, neutral white matte finish.
  • Heavy-weight 230 gsm, 9.5 mil thickness.
  • Printed with pigment inks for longer print life and enhanced fade resistance.
  • Pigment based Canon LUCIA inks provide smooth tones and rich colors in fine, precise detail.
USA map icon

Made In The USA

Our wall map products are designed and printed on demand by our small team in Seattle, WA using high quality materials and fine art giclee printing.
Purchase order icon

School Purchase Orders

We gladly accept purchase orders from schools and other government institutions. Learn more here
Icon of plane flying

Worldwide Shipping

International shipping options are available. Free shipping within the contiguous USA

Questions about Historic Railroad Map of the Midwest - 1881?

World Maps Online is here to help you with all of your map needs. If you need help finding the right product, we're happy to answer questions you have. to send us a message on live chat.