Map showing the proposed
Tennessee, Alabama and Georgia Railroad.
In June of 1796 Tennessee became the 16th state to be admitted to the United States, and was the first state to be created from U.S. federal territory. Previously a part of North Carolina, the land was given to the U.S. government in 1790 and was reorganized as the Southwest Territory. The state is now home to several large cities, including Nashville, Memphis, and Chattanooga.
Jackson, Tennessee was established in the 1800's as a railroad junction town. Important railroad repair shops were built there.
The Mobile & Ohio Railroad eventually reached Jackson in 1858. This key transportation line suffered greatly during the American Civil War due to constant sabotage. In the years following the war, Jackson maintained as an agricultural center with important railroad yards and railroad connections.
Alabama ratified its new constitution in February of 1868 and was readmitted to the Union.
Alabama's oldest city is Mobile, which was founded in 1702 by French colonists. Alabama became a state in 1819. The early economy there centered around shipbuilding in the navigable port regions and agriculture in its inner regions.
In 1881, the International Cotton Exposition was held in Atlanta, Georgia. The “World’s Fair” detailed the many efforts that had been made in rebuilding the city since wartime, and exhibited the advancements made in agriculture during the last few years.
The fair was conveniently accessed by way of a short 2.5 mile extension of the Western & Atlantic Railway from its Atlanta terminal.
This map of the southern United States was published in 1893 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. It shows drainage, cities, towns, and railroads with relation to consolidation, and connections to other lines in the south.