Historic Map of Alabama and Georgia - 1864

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Northern Alabama and Georgia.

This relief map of northern Alabama and Georgia was produced and published in 1864 by the U.S. Coast Survey Office. Contributors to the map include A. Lindenkohl, H. Lindenkohl and Charles G. Krebs. It shows cities, towns, roads, rivers, mountains, and railroads.

Alabama became a state in 1819. Northern Alabama’s early economy revolved around agriculture. Cotton was grown abundantly throughout Alabama’s fertile lands.

During the American Civil War Alabama seceded from the United States. Alabama ratified its new constitution in February of 1868 and was readmitted to the Union.

Georgia was made a state in 1788. During the civil conflict, Atlanta, Georgia’s population swelled from about 9,000 to over 22,000. Industries of the city boomed through efforts to supply the Confederate army with munitions and supplies.

The Georgia Railroad was a major transporter of war materials at that time. Atlanta was a critically important transportation and distribution center for the South. Because of this, Atlanta became an obvious target for Union forces.

On July 20th, 1864, Union troops under the command of General William T. Sherman began an aerial bombardment against the city that lasted over a month. Many civilians were killed and Atlanta was badly damaged. Sherman's troops captured the city on September 2, 1864 and ordered the remaining residents to evacuate. On November 15, 1864, Union soldiers destroyed the city's public buildings before departing on their "Savannah Campaign". Careless in their haste to depart, many buildings and residences that were not intended for destruction were destroyed by fire.