Historic Railroad Map of Ohio - 1854
Cleveland was founded in the late 1700's on the shores of Lake Erie, near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. With the addition of several canals and effective railroad lines in the early 1800's, Cleveland quickly became an important manufacturing site.
Cleveland was incorporated as a city in 1836. It was then conveniently connected with the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Erie Canal and the St. Lawrence Seaway, and the Gulf of Mexico, along the Mississippi River. The city was an important transport point for Minnesota iron ore and other raw materials being moved across the Great Lakes.
By 1850, as railroads continued to add mileage, the state's canal use and maintenance began to decline.
Toledo was founded along the west bank of the Maumee River in 1833. Toledo grew as a canal junction town, as the Miami and Erie Canal and other connecting canals merged there. Later because of its location along the railway between New York and Chicago, Toledo prospered.
By the mid-1800's the town maintained several furniture manufacturers, a number of carriage makers and a variety of breweries. Toledo was a major glassmaking town during that era, producing windows, bottles and glass art.
When the railroads began to replace the canals as the preferred method of transportation, Toledo became a prominent center for several railroad companies.
This detailed map was engraved by J.M. Atwood and published by G. Woolworth Colton in 1854. It displays cities, towns, post offices, post roads, canals, waterways, and railroads, both proposed and completed. Map features 1840 and 1850 census of the state of Ohio by city.
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