Texas became the 26th state in 1845.
The city of Houston was founded in 1836, near the banks of the Buffalo Bayou. Named after Sam Houston, the city was incorporated in 1837, and has grown to be the largest city in Texas, and fourth largest in the United States. The city saw many bursts in population growth due to the early port and railroad system, as well as the discovery of oil in 1901.
The city of Dallas was founded near the Trinity River in 1841, and was incorporated as a city in 1856. It has grown to become the third largest city in Texas, and the eighth largest in the country.
This map was published in 1877 by O.W. Gray & Son. It shows counties, cities, towns, railroad stations, waterways, and clearly labeled railroad network of 1877.
Included is an outline map of Texas and vicinity showing railroad connections to New Orleans, St. Louis, etc. A color-coded list of Texas railroads is at the bottom left.