Historic Railroad Map of the Midwest - 1872 - G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co.

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Map showing the Indiana and Illinois Central Railroad and its connections.

This double map image of the north-central United States was published in 1872 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. The lower map is a close-up of Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio. Included are counties, cities, towns, waterways, and the railroad network of the 1870's.

Chicago's transportation importance began in the 1840's with the building of the Illinois and Michigan Canal which connected the Mississippi River with Lake Michigan. Cattle, hogs and grain were abundantly grown and traded in Chicago, as well as a number of dependent branch manufactures such as milling, slaughtering, packing, rendering, soap and candle making, tanning, brewing and distilling. Transporting these items prompted much railroad growth in the Midwest during the 1800's.

So many immigrated to Indiana during the 1850's that it became the nation’s fourth largest state by 1860, according to population.

Standard Oil was founded in Cleveland, Ohio in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller. The Indiana & Illinois Central Railway was chartered in 1853 and completed in 1873. In 1875 it became part of the Cincinnati, Indianapolis & Western Railway.

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