Historic Railroad Map of the North Central United States - 1870

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Trade Map of the North Western States showing the counties, towns and railroads.

This trade map showing the north-central United States and Ontario, Canada was published in 1870 by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. It shows drainage, cities, towns, townships, counties, canals, and the railroad network of the era.

Chicago’s population in 1870 was 298,977. In early October of 1871 Chicago suffered its greatest disaster as fire consumed a huge swathe of the downtown business district. The fire, of unknown origin, was aided by heavy winds, an over-use of wood in the building of structures and the seasonal drought. These conditions enabled flames to fly from building to building very quickly. Hundreds were killed and even more were temporarily displaced by the massive conflagration. The Great Fire slowed Chicago’s growth, but the town emerged from the ashes with an improved infrastructure and fresh water system. Chicago then began receiving worldwide attention, attracting business endeavors of all kinds.


Archive Paper

Archive Paper

Premium fine art paper that provides accurate color reproduction with high-contrast, high-resolution print output and maximum image permanence. A high-quality print ready for framing.

  • Museum quality paper for high-quality fine art.
  • Ultra smooth, neutral white matte finish.
  • Heavy-weight 230 gsm, 9.5 mil thickness.
  • Printed with pigment inks for longer print life and enhanced fade resistance.
  • Pigment based Canon LUCIA inks provide smooth tones and rich colors in fine, precise detail.
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Our wall map products are designed and printed on demand by our small team in Seattle, WA using high quality materials and fine art giclee printing.
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