This reproduction bird's-eye view of Bridgeton, New Jersey was published by O. H. Bailey & Co. in 1886. Bridgeton is the county seat of Cumberland County near the Delaware Bay lowlands. The tidal Cohansey River flows through town. Once a seasonal hunting and fishing region for Native Americans, the first Europeans settled here in the late 1600's with a sawmill built by Richard Hancock. A pioneer iron works was established in 1814 and in 1865 the township was incorporated as Bridgeton.
Bridgeton embraced industrialization following the American Civil War, housing several metal and machine works as well as glass-making and sewing factories. During this period Bridgeton was New Jersey's most prosperous town. In 1886 Bridgeton's Y. M. C. A. Ladies Auxiliary was formed to help with the town's library's operation. Later, in 1924, the Army Corp. of Engineers built extensive earthen dams along the Cohansey River to create a number of lakes and reservoirs, but in 1934, heavy rains swelled the lakes and burst the dams. The floodwaters surged right through town destroying much of it.
The view of Bridgeton from 1886 shows buildings, railroad routes, waterways and labeled streets. It features inset illustrations of the following:
Planing Mill & Lumber & Coal Yard.
Res. of R. M. Rocap.
R. M. Rocap's Carriage Works.
Cohansey Glass Mfg. Co. Mfrs. of Window Glass, Bottles, Fruit Jars, Vials, Flasks, etc.
Hohenstatt Hotel, F. Hohenstatt, Prop.
More, Jonas, More & Co., West Jersey Brand Window Glass.
Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co.
Bridgeton Steam, Saw & Planing Mill & Lumber Yard, Albert F. Randolph, Prop., Wharves & Yard in rear of Opera House.
Jacob Kienzle's West Jersey Steam Soap Works, Tannery & Residence.
Property of Frank M. Riley, Fithian & Pennell, Wholesale & Retail Dealers in Flour, Feed, Coal & Wood, John Elkinton's Steam Laundry, Theo. K. Gilbert's Shirt Factory, Trenchard & Crickler, Mfrs. of Glass Bottle Moulds.
T. B. Woodruff, Decorator, Service Photographer, John Ogden, Marble Warerooms.
John F. Sharpless Candy Mfy.
Bottle Works, Mfrs. of Windows & Glass.
West Jersey Academy, C. Allen, Principal.
Getsinger Glass Mfg. Co., Mfrs. of Single and Double Thick Window Glass.
J. Scull & Co., Tobacconists, Mrs. H. L. Douglas, Ladies Furnishing Goods, Notions, Fancy Goods, Millinery, etc.
Res. of Wm. E. Service, Photographer.
Cox & Sons, Mfrs. of Improved Vertical & Horizontal Engines.
Features numbered references to the following locations:
1. South Jersey Institute.
2. West Jersey Academy.
3. Ivy Hall Seminary.
4. Public Schools.
5. Water Works.
6. Gas Works.
7. W. J. Railway Station.
8. N. J. Southern R. R. Station.
9. Bridgeton Skating Rink.
10. Hohenstatt's Hotel.
12. Davis House.
13. Court House.
14. G. A. R. Hall.
15. Opera House.
16. First Presbyterian Church.
17. Second Presbyterian Church.
18. West Presbyterian Church.
19. Baptist, Pearl St. Church.
20. Baptist, Commerce St. Church.
21. Methodist, Trinity Church.
22. Methodist, Commerce St. Church.
23. Methodist, Central Church.
24. Methodist, Protestant Church.
25. R. Catholic Church.
26. Episcopal Church.
27. Colored Church.
28. Cumberland Nail & Iron Co., Nails & Wrought Iron Tubes.
29. Cox & Sons, Steam Engines & Low Pressure Steam Heating Apparatus.
30. Charles E. Laning's Foundry.
31. Ferracute Machine Co.
32. Trenchard & Crickler, Mfrs of Glass Bottle Moulds.
33. J. Lewden Robeson, West Side Machine Works.
34. Cumberland Glass Mfg. Co.
35. More, Jonas & More, Glass Mfrs.
36. Cohansey Glass Mfg. Co.
37. Getsinger Glass Mfg. Co.
38. Getsinger & Son, Glass Mfg. Co.
39. Albertson's Glass Works.
40. Eastlake Glass Works.
41. East Lake Woolen Mills.
42. East Lake Flouring Mills, Jonathan Elmer Jr., Prop.
43. Richard Lott, Bridgeton Roller Mills.
44. Jacob Kienzle's W. J. Steam Soap Works.
45. Jacob Kienzle's Tannery.
46. Albert & Randolph's Steam Saw & Planing Mill & Lumber Yard.
47. D. B. & W. C. Whitekar, Lumber & Coal Yard & Planing Mill.
48. Benj. S. Ayars Canning Factory.
49. Rice & Bro., Shipyard & Marine R. Y.
50. City Marble Works, M. W. Applegate.
51. John Ogden's Marble Works.
52. H. M. Rocap Carriage Factory.
53. C. H. Gahre, Bottler, Established 1847.
54. Martin Bowen, Contractor & Builder, Lumber & Coal.
55. Garrison & Minch, Coal, Wood & Fertilizers.
56. Elias P. Seeley, Coal & Wood Yard & General Carting.
57. Benj. Ballinger, Coal & Wood Dealer.
58. Timothy Campbell, Produce & Commission Dealer.
59. Singer Mfg. Co., A. P. Johnson, Agent.