Historic Map - Cleveland, OH - 1877

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Birds eye view of Cleveland, Ohio 1877. A. Ruger artist. Lith. by Shober & Carqueville.

Reproduction bird's-eye view map of Cleveland, OH, drawn by Prussian born Albert Ruger, and published by J. J. Stoner in 1877. Cleveland was founded in the late 1700s near the mouth of the Cuyahoga River. With the addition of several canals and effective railroad lines, Cleveland quickly became an important manufacturing location and was incorporated as a city in 1836. It was now connected with the Atlantic Ocean by way of the Erie Canal and later by the St. Lawrence Seaway, and down the Mississippi to the Gulf of Mexico. The city was an important halfway point for Minnesota iron ore and other raw materials being transported across the Great Lakes. In 1854, Cleveland annexed Ohio City that was just across the river. Standard Oil was founded here in 1870 by John D. Rockefeller.

The panorama drawing features clearly labeled street names with scenes of shipping, railroad, carriage and pedestrian traffic. Complete reference list below.

Features numbered references to the following locations:


  1. First M. E. Church, Methodist
  2. First M. E. Church, German, Methodist
  3. First Wesleyan M. E. Church, Methodist
  4. Bible Christian M. E. Church, Methodist
  5. Christ's Church, Methodist
  6. Scovill Ave. Church, Methodist
  7. Broadway M. E. Church, Methodist
  8. Christ's Church, Methodist
  9. Free Methodist Church
  10. Franklin Street Church, Methodist
  11. German M. E. Church, Methodist
  12. Pelton Ave. Church, Methodist
  13. Bethel Church, colored, Methodist
  14. St. John's Cathedral, Roman Catholic
  15. St. Joseph's Church, German, Roman Catholic
  16. St. Malachi's Church, Roman Catholic
  17. St. Mary's of the Assumption, R. C. (German)
  18. St. Patrick's Church, Roman Catholic
  19. St. Mary's Church, Polish, Roman Catholic
  20. St. Peter's Church, German, R. C.
  21. St. Stephen's Church, Roman Catholic
  22. First Baptist Church
  23. First Baptist Church, German
  24. Second Baptist Church
  25. Shiloh Baptist Church, Colored
  26. Tabernacle Baptist Church
  27. Third Baptist Church
  28. Scranton Ave. Baptist Church
  29. Euclid Street Presbyterian
  30. First Church, Presbyterian
  31. Second Church, Presbyterian
  32. First Church, Presbyterian, Newburgh
  33. South Park Church, Presbyterian
  34. First United Church, Presbyterian
  35. Woodland Ave Church, Presbyterian
  36. Memorial Church, Presbyterian
  37. First Congregational Church
  38. Hight's Congregational Church
  39. Plymouth Congregational Church
  40. All Saints' Church, Protestant Episcopal
  41. Christ's Church, German, Protestant Episcopal
  42. Grace Church, Protestant Episcopal
  43. S. John's Church, Protestant Episcopal
  44. St. Luke's Church, Protestant Episcopal
  45. St. Mary's Church, Protestant Episcopal
  46. Franklin's Street Church of Christ
  47. Salem Church, German, Evangelical Association
  48. Calvary Church, Evangelical Association
  49. Emanuel Church, Evangelical Association
  50. St. Paul's Church, Evangelical Lutheran
  51. Trinity Church, Evangelical Lutheran
  52. Zion, Evangelical Lutheran
  53. United German Church, Evangelical Protestant
  54. First German Church, Evangelical Protestant
  55. Schifflein Christ Church, Evangelical United
  56. Zion's Church, Evangelical United
  57. German Evangelical, Sec. Ref. Church
  58. Anshe Chesed, Congregational Church
  59. Tefereth Israel Congregational Church
  60. First U. B. Church
  61. First Universalist Church
  62. Trinity Church
  63. French Church


  1. Female Seminary
  2. Cleveland High School
  3. Central High School
  4. West High School
  5. Outhwait School
  6. Sterling Av. School
  7. Brooks School
  8. May Flower School
  9. Brownell School
  10. Rockwell School
  11. Hicks School
  12. Kentucky School
  13. Orchard School
  14. Tremont School
  15. Malachi School
  16. Normal School
  17. Cleveland Academy
  18. Medical Department of Wooster University
  19. Cleveland Medical College
  20. Academy of Med. and Surgery-Homeopathic
  21. Cleveland Water Cure


  1. Cleveland Hospital for the Insane
  2. Cleveland Protestant Orphan Asylum
  3. Jewish Orphan Asylum
  4. St. Vincent Orphan Asylum
  5. St. Joseph's Orphan Asylum
  6. Catholic Orphan Asylum


  1. Cleveland City Hospital
  2. Charity Hospital
  3. Homeopathic Hospital
  4. Good Shepherds Convent
  5. Home for the Aged Poor
  6. Home for the Aged Women
  7. Home for Working Women
  8. City Infirmary
  9. Bethel Union


  1. County Court House
  2. City Hall
  3. Post Office
  4. City Court House
  5. Police Head Quarters
  6. Water Works
  7. Reservoir
  8. Viaduct, or High Level Bridge


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