Richmond, Va. and its vicinity. J. Wells, del. R. Hinshelwood, sc.
Reproduction map of Richmond, Virginia and Vicinity, published in 1863. A city of great significance throughout the American Revolution, it was in St. John's Church of Richmond that Patrick Henry delivered his famous speech that proclaimed "Give me liberty of give me death!" in 1775.
This charming map captures the city as it appeared during the Civil War, when it was the Capital of the Confederacy. The South's largest foundry was formed in Richmond when the rolling mills and furnaces created by engineer Rhys Davies, from Tredegar, South Wales, merged with the established Virginia Foundry, becoming Tredegar Iron Works in 1837. The capabilities and strategic location of the Tredegar Iron Works led to the decision to make Richmond the capital of the Confederacy in May, 1861. The 721 tons of armor plating that covered the world's first ironclad ship, the CSS Virginia, was made by Tredegar Iron Works. Repeated attempts by Union forces to take Richmond failed and it was only with the fall of nearby Petersburg, in 1865, that the fate of Richmond was sealed. On "Evacuation Sunday", President Davis, and the Confederate defenders abandoned Richmond, under orders to set fire to bridges, the armory and warehouses. The city was mostly abandoned, allowing the fire to spread out of control, destroying large sections of the city. The city was surrendered to the Union Army the next day. President Abraham Lincoln toured the destroyed city with his young son Tad, the week before his assassination.
Features numbered references to the following locations:
- James River
- Spring Hill
- James River Canal
- Iron and Flour Mills
- Hollywood Cemetery
- Water Works
- Capitol & Square