This detailed township and county map of Kansas shows drainage, mountains, salt marshes, and minerals deposits. Included are Indian reservations, roads, railroads and the land grants of the Union Pacific Railroad. To promote land sales this map features the following advertising booster:
"Union Pacific Railway Co. - E.D., has now for sale in Kansas, at from $1,25 to $10 per acre, large quantities of superior farming lands, and will soon have in market some 4,000,000 of acres, to be sold in tracts of 40 acres and upwards, to suit purchasers.
The lands offered for sale are situated within twenty miles of the road, and extend the whole length of the State from east to west, 420 miles, through the very heart of Kansas; embracing about 350,000 acres of the Pottowatomie reserve, offering the means of developing one of the fairest and most fertile region to be found in the wide range of the whole continent.
The valleys of the Kansas and Smokey Hill rivers are the richest, most delightful and fertile parts of the State. The soil is at least two and a half feet in length, and is remarkable for its enduring fertility, and produces the finest corn, wheat, rye, barley, sorghum, and hay. It is composed principally of ashes, deposited by annual fires, from time immemorial; no other kind of soil can possibly contain the same amount of food for plants.
Grain and Stock Raising.
The world does not furnish a better grazing country than that found in these valleys; cattle readily fatten through the summer, and in the busiest portions of the spring farmers seldom feed their working teams.
Sheep are very prolific, and are not liable to disease. Abundant pasture for them is furnished by natural vegetation, which lasts throughout the greater part of the year; it costs but little to keep them in good condition through the winter. No branch of industries offers greater inducements for investment.
In the list of corn and stock-producing States, Kansasstands preeminently first; the season of vegetable growth is long; it is free from frosts nearly seven months of the year.
The season for planting corn continues through the months of April, May and June; winter wheat matures in June, and its average yield is about 30 bushels per acre. The corn crop yields from 50 to a 100 bushels per acre, according to the skill and labor bestowed upon it.
Apples, peaches, pears, and plums are successfully cultivated. In fact, Kansas is peculiarly adapted to fruit-raising. The climate is also adapted to small fruits, and the cultivation for wine, being in the same latitude as the Catawba vineyards of Missouri and Ohio, while the grapes are richer and the yield more abundant.
The Kansas valley is well watered by springs and streams, good wells are usually attained by digging from 15 to 30 feet. The water, owing to the limestone formation which prevails throughout the State, is pure and agreeable.
The climate is pleasant, and the atmosphere remarkably clear and bracing. The country is healthful and free from epidemics; owing to the absence of stagnant water, diseases are less frequent than in most western States.
Stone, Wood and Coal.
Limestone is the principal rock found between the Missouri Riverand Fort Riley, along the line of the road. It makes a very superior building material, and can be quarried with great facility. A very fine sandstone occurs at various localities.
Sufficient timber is found for all practical purposes on the Kansas Riverand its branches. The hard woods especially adapted for building are white oak, walnut, coffee bean, honey locust, red elm, ash, mulberry, and the remaining species of oaks; besides these are the soft woods, such as cottonwood, hackberry, sycamore and water elm.
There is a large number of saw mills, erected near the line of railroad, so that there is no difficulty in procuring building materials.
The entire eastern portion of Kansas, from the State line to Manhattan, is underplayed with two layers of coal; the uppermost is from 8 to 30 inches thick, and crops out at various localities; on Stranger Creek, on the Pottawatomie Reserve, on the south side of the Kansas River, and on the Sac and Fox lands. It probably crops out in many other places. The second vein crops out near Fort Scott, and is 6 feet thick. This same vein, it is judged, from the geological formation of the country, exists about 265 feet beneath the surface of the Wyandotte levee.
Railroad Prospects of Kansas.
There are 250 miles of railroad completed and in running order, comprising the Missouri River Railroad; a portion of the Atchison and Pike’s Peak; Leavenworth and Lawrence; and the Union Pacific. The latter is now being constructed at a rate of about 200 miles per annum. The valley along its route contains schools, churches, mills and manufacturing establishments of every branch of ordinary business. Traders, mechanics, and laboring men can readily find locations adapting to the prosecution of their respective callings. No State in the Union is increasing more rapidly in population, which has trebled in five years along the line of this railway.
The most important railroads projected are the Leavenworth, Lawrence and Galveston; Kansas and Neosho Valley; Union Pacific Southern Branch; Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe; St. Louis and Santa Fe; and St. Joseph and Denver.
The government has endowed these roads liberally with lands; numerous flourishing towns and villages will spring into existence; permanent improvements will be made on or near the line of these great thoroughfares.
There is at this time a large demand for lands, owing to the increased immigration from Europe, and at the low prices for which they are offered by the Union Pacific Railway Company, eastern division, NW corner 5th and Elm Streets, St. Louis Missouri, or any of its offices in Kansas."
Map offers list of westward and eastward Air Line Distances and detailed list of projected railroads.
In promoting further westward travel, the map includes the folowing statement about Colorado:
"Colorado was organized a Territory March 2nd, 1861. It lies between 37̊ and 41̊ north latitude, and 102 and 109th meridians of west longitude, embracing the gold region of the Rocky Mountains; its capital is Golden City, and its area is 89,438 square miles, or 57,240,320 acres.
The climate of the South Platte and mountain region is mild and regular, and from its altitude very dry and of surprising purity, while the soil is rich and productive, being capable of producing corn, wheat, barley, potatoes, oats, turnips, and every kind of vegetable, in profusion, and of the most superior quality.
The section of the country lying along the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains is represented as one of great beauty, well supplied with timber, and is exceedingly well watered by numerous streams, winding in various directions between gently sloping hills and ridges. Over these hills and on the broad plains at their base, buffaloes range by thousands feeding upon the bunch and buffalo grasses with which they are densely covered. Perhaps no country in the world is better adapted to grazing than this section, and none certainly has finer climate or more interesting scenery."