Marquette was established in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula in the 1840's when iron ore was discovered in the area. Iron was determined to be just below sod-level throughout the Marquette Range and mining began immediately as the iron and steel industry began to flourish in the Great Lakes region.
Railroad lines built between the mines and shipping docks were built out over the lake for the raw ore’s transportation to other areas of the country. The early docks required manual labor to off-load ore from railroad cars to shipping vessels using wheelbarrows.
Later the railroad devised jennie-cars, which discharged the ore directly onto the ships from, what were called, pocket docks. Marquette prospered greatly because of the mining industry.
Hundreds of factories made Detroit a major American manufacturing center in the 1800's. Stoves, boilers, furniture, paper, clothing, boots and shoes, candy, crackers and beer were manufactured in Detroit along with freight and passenger railroad cars. Manufacturers depended greatly on railroads and steamers to export their goods.
Detroit’s harbor was clustered with wharves that extended out over the water for easy loading of freight vessels and passenger steamships.
During the American Civil War many new branches of Michigan’s railroad system were added to transport the state’s various manufactures. After the war Michigan experienced a large influx of immigrants to work in the factories.
In the late 1800's Detroit was referred to as the “Paris of the West”, because of the many large ornate mansions and buildings that were emerging throughout the city.
In the late 1800's, Marquette became a popular summer vacation destination with numerous luxury hotels and resorts.
This detailed map of Michigan was drawn and published in 1885 by Cram & Stebbins. Shown are cities and towns, rivers and waterways, township and county boundaries. Railroads are completely labeled. Census information is located in the left margin.
Included is railroad mileage for each county and map location guide to the following state institutions:
State School for Boys.
Deaf and Dumb Asylum.
Northern Asylum for the Insane.
State Agricultural College.
School for the Blind.
Michigan Asylum for the Insane.
Industrial School for Girls.
Eastern Asylum for the Insane.
University of Michigan.
State Normal School.
Questions about the Historic Railroad Map of Michigan - 1885?
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