Historic Map - Atlanta, GA - 1892

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Bird's eye view of Atlanta, Fulton Co., State capital, Georgia. Drawn by Aug. Koch. Hughes Litho. Co.

Panoramic map of Atlanta, Georgia, drawn and published by Augustus Koch and published in 1892.

During the Civil War, Atlanta's population swelled from about 9,000 to over 22,000 as industries in Atlanta boomed with efforts to supply the Confederate army with munitions and supplies. A major producer of war materials as well as a critically important transportation and distribution center, Atlanta also became an obvious target for the Union forces. On July 20th, 1864, Union troops under the command of General William T. Sherman began an aerial bombardment against the city that lasted over a month. Many civilians were killed and the city was badly damaged. Sherman's troops captured the city on September 2, 1864 and ordered the remaining residents to evacuate. On November 15, 1864, Union soldiers destroyed the city's public buildings before departing on their "March to the Sea". Careless in their haste to depart, many buildings and residences that were not intended for destruction were destroyed by fire.

This map captures the city as the "New South" philosophy emerges from the Reconstruction period following the Civil War. Less dependence upon cotton and a more diversified economy was the goal. The Georgia Institute of Technology opened in 1888 and Decatur opened in 1889, becoming the first Atlanta college to be credited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools. The emergence of an influential African American middle class followed the establishment of Clark College, Spelman and Morehouse colleges in Atlanta. Education was seen as an important component of the "New South".

In 1886, Jacob's Pharmacy in Atlanta began selling a tonic called Coca-Cola, invented by John S. Pemberton. Originally promoted as a cure for the morphine addiction that plagued many Civil War veterans, the company was purchased by Atlanta business tycoon, Asa Candler for $2,300 in 1891. The Coca-Cola Company was founded the year that this map was published, 1892. Asa Candler would eventually become mayor of Atlanta from 1916 - 1919.

The map features clearly labeled street names.

Features numbered references to the following locations:

  1. State Capitol.
  2. Court House.
  3. Fulton County Jail.
  4. Chamber of Commerce and City Offices.
  5. Constitution Building.
  6. High School.
  7. Union Passenger Depot.
  8. U. S. Customs House.
  9. The Grady Monument.
10. Grady Hospital.
11. Equitable Building, Property of the East Atlanta Land Company.
12. Y.M.C.A. Building.
13. Journal Building.
14. Atlanta Lumber Co.
15. Georgia Electric Light Company.
16. Piedmont Exposition Company's Grounds and Buildings.
17. "Brisbine Park", Baseball and other Amusements. Property of Atlanta Fraction Company.
18. Atlanta University and Grounds.
19. Grant House.
20. Atlanta Paper Co.
21. "The Ballard".
22. Works of the Beutell Manufacturing Company, Manufacturers of Interior Hardwood Finish, Bank, Office, etc.
23. Brown Block.
24. The Boyd and Baxter Furniture Factory.
25. The Kimball, Cas. Beerman & Co., Proprietors.
26. Capital Female College.
27. Grand Opera House.
28. De Loach Mill Manufacturing Co.
29. The Arlington (85 Marietta St.).
30. Edgewood Avenue Theatre.
31. Folsoms European Hotel and Restaurant.
32. The Georgia Soap Company.
33. Haas Guthman & Co., Spring Beds, Mattresses and Bedding.
34. Herald Building.
35. May Mantle Co., Geo. S. May, President.
36. Georgia School of Technology, (Bruce & Morgan, Architects).
37. Inman Park and Boundaries.
38. "The Markham", Rear View.
39. Morris-Brown College.
40. Residence of Bishop W. J. Gaines.
41. Residence of Reverend S. H. Robertson.
42. Office of East Atlanta Land Company.
43. Aragon Hotel, (Bruce & Morgan, Architects).
44. National Surgical Institute.
45. Peters Land Company and Boundaries (400 acres).
46. Kiser Building, (Bruce & Morgan, Architects).
46. Richmond & Danville R. R. General Offices.
47. Southern Terra Cotta Works, Pellegrini & Castleberry Proprietors.
48. Residence of J. B. Redwine.
49. Lumber Yard of Smith & Simpson.
50. Carriage Factory of John M. Smith.
51. Southern Medical College.
52. S. S. S. Laboratory.
53. The Tripod Paint Company's Factory.
54. Troy Steam Laundry, rear view.
55. The Thompson, Houston Electric Company Repair Shops.
56. Van Winkle Gin & Machinery Co.
57. Willingham & Company's, Sash, Door and Blind Factory.
58. Hotel Weinmeister.


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