Historic Map - Atlantic City, NJ - 1905
Atlantic City, N.J.
This reproduction bird's-eye view of Atlantic City, New Jersey showing its piers was published by National Publishing Co. in 1905. Atlantic City, located on Absecon Island, was envisioned by Absecon resident Dr. Jonathan Pitney, who saw great potential in the island. The marshlands that surrounded the island made visiting difficult and Pitney, along with civil engineer Richard Osborne brought in the Camden-Atlantic City Railroad and planned the community. Osborne has been credited with the town's name, while Pitney named the streets. Streets that were parallel with the ocean became named after great bodies of water while streets running east and west were named after states.
The Absecon Lighthouse was completed here in 1857. Designed by George Meade, the 228 step navigational aid boasted a fixed Fresnel lens. The first boardwalk in Atlantic City was built in 1870 and altered and added onto later. The boardwalk was very important to the sand ridden community. Atlantic City's Steel Pier was completed in 1898. The pier was partially washed away during a storm one year before this map's publishing, but was rebuilt.
Fancy hotels of size, along with smaller rooming houses, flourished throughout Atlantic City in 1905, including the United States Hotel, which took up an entire block between Atlantic, Pacific, Maryland and Delaware Avenues. The hotel boasted a luxurious atmosphere with up-to-date amenities. Between roads from nearby Pleasantville and railways, including the addition of the Philadelphia-Atlantic City Railroad and the Reading Railroad and the Camden-Atlantic City Railway, almost 500,000 visitors were enjoying the popular resort town per year in 1905.
This map from 1905 shows Atlantic City's railroad routes, buildings, lighthouse, boardwalk and beaches.
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