Historic Map - Columbus, OH - 1872

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Birds eye view of Columbus, Ohio / drawn by H.H. & O.H. Bailey.

Panoramic reproduction view of the city of Columbus, Ohio drawn by H. H. & O. H. Bailey and published by Fowler & Bailey in 1872. Now the capital of Ohio, Columbus was founded close to a Native American burial mound near the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers. In 1850, the Columbus and Xenia Railroad reached the city and the next year the Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati Railroad arrived. The two railroads shared the Union Station built on the east side of High Street north of North Public Lane. The Ohio Statehouse opened in 1857. During the American Civil War, Columbus was a major base for the volunteer Union Army at Camp Chase which was located in what is now the Hilltop neighborhood of west Columbus. The camp housed, organized and trained the 18th U. S. Infantry. The Ohio Agricultural and Mechanical College, which became Ohio State University was founded in 1870. Old City Hall was completed the year this map was published.

The map features clearly labeled street names with lively scenes of railroad, carriage and pedestrian traffic. Complete reference list below.

Features numbered references to the following locations:

  1. Capitol
  2. U. S. Arsenal
  3. State Arsenal
  4. Blind Asylum
  5. Deaf and Dumb Asylum
  6. Penitentiary
  7. Medical Institute
  8. Court House
  9. City Hall
  10. High School
  11. Public Schools
  12. Goodale Park
  13. Hannah Neil Mission
  14. John H. Gill's Car & Car Wheel and Agricultural Works
  15. Baptist Church
  16. Cathedral, Catholic
  17. Church of the Holy Cross, Catholic
  18. St. Patrick's, Catholic
  19. Town Street, Methodist
  20. Bigelow Chapel, Methodist
  21. German, Methodist
  22. Wesley Chapel
  23. Congregational Church
  24. Presbyterian Church
  25. Presbyterian Church
  26. St. Paul's Lutheran Church
  27. German Lutheran Church
  28. English Lutheran Church
  29. Hebrew
  30. Evangelical Church
  31. Episcopal Church


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