Historic Map - Macon, GA - 1887

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Macon, Ga. county seat of Bibb County 1887. H. Wellge, sk. Beck & Pauli Lith. Co.

Bird's Eye View map of Macon, Georgia, published by H. Wellge in 1887. While archeologists have established that the area was once an important agricultural village to the Mississippian Mound Building Culture, it was the Creek Indians who occupied the area that is now Macon when U. S. settlers first arrived. The Creek Indians ceded their lands east of the Ocmulgee River and Fort Benjamin Hawkins was built in 1806, under the direction of President Thomas Jefferson. A replica of the fort stands today in East Macon.

Settlers who lived in the vicinity of Fort Hawkins began to call the place "Newtown". When the newly formed Bibb County was established in 1822, the site was chosen as the county seat and given the name Macon. Many of the early settlers came from North Carolina originally, and they chose to name their city in honor of Nathaniel Macon, a North Carolina statesman. The new city planners envisioned a "City within a Park" concept, resulting in a city with broad streets and spacious parks. Macon residents were required to plant shade trees in their yards to support the overall plan.

Its position along the Ocmulgee River contributed to the prosperity of the town, allowing cotton boats to transport cotton to market. The arrival of railroads in 1843 added to the ease of transporting goods. Wesleyan College, the nation's first college to grant degrees to women, opened in Macon in 1836.

During the Civil War, Macon was the official arsenal of the Confederacy and the site of Camp Oglethorpe, a prison camp for captured officers during the war. Macon City Hall was converted to use as a hospital and served as the temporary state capital in 1864. Sherman's famous "March to the Sea" spared Macon, though residents were prepared for the assault. Sherman decided to bypass the city, fearing a well organized attack by Confederate forces.

This map captures the city twenty-two years following the Civil War. Macon remained an established transportation center in central Georgia.

A small inset map showing "Macons' Transportation Facilities" and their routes is featured in the lower left portion of the map. The upper right corner of the map includes two illustrations of elevated views of Third Street and a "Front View of South Side of Second Street", as well as an illustration of the "Continuation of Southwest End" on the lower left.

Inset illustrations of the following businesses and sites appear in the upper and lower margins of the map:

Macon Oil & Fertilizer Company. James D. Hough, President. Edward H. Coates, Secretary & Treasurer.
S. R. Jaques & Co., Wholesale Grocers.
A. B. Farquhar & Co., Hardware Machinery, Agricultural Implements.
New Government Building
Mercer University.
Brown's Hotel, Immediately opposite the Union Passenger Depot, Mrs. Geo. C. Brown, Proprietress; F. W. Mitchel, Manager.
Wesleyan Female College.
Findlay Iron Works, Head of Third St., C. D. Findlay, Proprietor.
Johnson & Harris Wholesale Grocers, Harbin T. Johnson, George T. Harris.

Features numbered & lettered references to the following locations:

A. County Court House and Post Office.
B. City Hall.
C. New Government Building.
D. Armory.
E. Public Library.
F. Fire Engine Houses.
G. Electric Light Towers.
H. Academy of Music.
K. Water Tower.
L. Wesleyan Female College.
M. Mercer University.
N. Blind Asylum.
O. First Baptist Church.
P. First Presbyterian Church.
Q. Mulberry Street Methodist Church.
R. Christ Church Episcopal.
S. Saint Joseph's Catholic Church.
T. Grace Chapel Methodist Church.
U. First Street Methodist Church.
V. Saint Paul's Episcopal Church.
W. Young Mens Christian Association.
X. Presbyterian Chapels.
Y. Centenary M. E. Church.
Z. Colored Presbyterian Church.

I. African M. E. Church.
II. Second Baptist Church.
III. Saint Barnabas Episcopal Church.
IV. Colored Congregational Church.
V. Colored Baptist Church.
VI. Colored Methodist Church.
VII. Colored Second Baptist Church.
VIII. East Macon Methodist Church.
IX. East Macon Baptist Chapel.
X. Alexander Free School.
XI. Public Free Schools.

  1. S. R. Jacques Wholesale Grocers.
  2. A. B. Farquhar & Co., Hardware and Machinery.
  3. Johnson & Harris, Wholesale Grocers.
  4. G. W. Stratton, Guns and Cutlery.
  5. A. Gibian & Co., Wholesale Grocers, Tobacco and Cigars.
  6. L. Cohen & Co., Wholesale Liquors and Cigars.
  7. Goodwyn & Small, Retail Druggists.
  8. G. W. Shackelfield, Sup't Georgia Central Detective Agency.
  9. H. F. Strohecker, Attorney at Law, No. 8 Cotton Ave.
10. I. B. English & Co., Warehouse, Compress Cotton Factors.
11. T. Guernsey, Factory, Store, No. 151 Second.
12. Macon Oil & Fertilizer Company.
13. D. R. Cook, Georgia Merchant Mill.
14. Rogers & Winn, Cracker and Candy Manufacturers.
15. Campbell & Jones, Cotton Factors.
16. Geo. W. Duncan, Real Estate and Insurance.
17. Collins Manufacturing Company.
18. Bone & Chappell, Wholesale Grocers.
19. C. L. O'Gorman & Co., Dry Goods.
20. Wood & Bond, Furniture and Carpets.
21. Findlay Iron Works, C. D. Findlay Proprietor.
22. Schofields Iron Works, J. S. Schofield, Proprietor.
23. Eureka Company, Potasch Factory.
24. W. H. Maxley & Co., Box Factory.
25. Sol. Hoge, Druggist.
26. Macon Gas Light and Water Company.
27. M. G. Bayne, Lawyer, Office Mulberry.
28. S. B. Barfield, Dentist, Mulberry.
29. Berg & Flynn, Wholesale Tobacco, Mulberry.
30. Chas. Wachtel & Bro., Clothing, No. 91 Cherry.
31. W. McKay, Accountant and Commercial College.
32. R. F. Lawton, Banker.
33. Macon China Store, China Crockery and Glassware.
34. Leopold L. Lieber, Importer of Fine Groceries.
35. O. T. Kenan, Dentist, No. 126 Cherry.
36. Holt & Bunkley, Artist Materials, Picture Frames.
37. J. W. Burke & Co., Book Sellers, Stationers, Music Dealers.
38. Cox & Corbin, Wholesale Grocers and Liquor Dealers.
39. Talbott & Sons, Machinery.
40. John D. Hudgins, Wholesale Liquors.
41. W. A. Doody & Co., Wholesale and Retail Dry Goods.
42. Culver, Moore & Culver, Hardware and Guns.
43. Wright & Hill, Groceries and Planters Supplies.
44. I. C. Burke, Painters and Builders Supplies.
45. Oliver & Holt, Grocers.
46. Jvey Bros., Wood and Coal Yards.
47. Hendrix & Willingham, Dealers in Builders Supplies.
48. S. M. Subers & Co., Gas Fitters and Plumbers.
49. Brown's Hotel.
50. G. T. Beeland, Jeweler.
51. J. H. Hertz, Clothing and Mens Furnishing Goods.
52. Burr Brown, Sewing Machines and News Dealer.
53. C. Kuhn, Guns, Cutlery and Fishing Tackle.
54. C. E. Schofield, Southern Pants Factory.
55. Geo. T. Rogers Sons, Wholesale Grocers.


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