Historic Map - Sacramento, CA - 1850 - Geo. W. Casilear & Henry Bainbridge

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View of Sacramento City : as it appeared during the great inundation in January 1850 / drawn from nature by Geo. W. Casilear & Henry Bainbridge ; lith. of Sarony, New York

The city of Sacramento was founded in 1848 on the Pacific coast, and quickly grew due to the California Gold Rush. It was incorporated into a city in 1850, and later became the state's capital in 1854. This beautiful map provides a look at the beginnings of the city.

The following text was included on the map:

The city is situated on a Plain on the east Bank of the Sacramento River about 143 miles from San Francisco. The rise of the River during the flood occasioned by heavy rains and the melting of Snow from the mountains was about 20 feet. The small Island covered with tents at the head of J. St. on the left is called by the Indians, Sa'cum a Knoll of ground bade by the Indians and the only dry spot visible for miles during the flood. In the distance at the head of J. St. will be seen Sutters Fort about 2 miles from the levee. In the extreme distance will be seen the Sierra Nevada Mountains or the Gold Region whose tops are mostly covered with Snow the year round and present a most striking and beautiful appearance when view from the City. The City Hotel, the large frame building facing on the Levee or River on the left of J. St. was built, during the summer 1849 at a Cost of $78,000. The Sutler Hotel the large frame building facing the Levee on the extreme right was built during the fall of 1849, cost $50,000.

Entered according to Act of Congress in the year 1850 by Casilear & Bainbridge in the Clerks Office of the District Court of the Southern District of New York.

We cheerfully concur in recommending the above Picture as being a true and accurate Drawing of the City of Sacramento, as it appeared during the flood of January 1850.