This is one of the earliest known maps of Pennsylvania to show railroads.
Anthracite coal was first discovered in Pennsylvania in the 1760's. Its importance gained much attention and soon mines began to emerge throughout the southern and eastern portions of the state. Transportation of the ore was of utmost concern.
The original Erie Canal was opened in 1825, and thereafter, enlarged until 1862. The valuable waterway encouraged much growth in Pennsylvania and provided good transportation of the region's resources.
Early Pennsylvania trains, with their varying gauged tracks, made it necessary for railway cargos and passengers to often offload at stations and change trains. This caused many delays. The practise was good for Pennsylvania’s economy, but bad for the railroad companies.
Erie citizens battled the railroad companys’ plan to standardize the rail. Erie had enjoyed several years of serving hungry and marooned passengers and many had been employed to unload and reload cargo at that point. Erie citizens did not give up easily. Many citizens sabotaged railroad tracks and railroad bridges. Pennsylvanians gave up their cause soon after and the tracks were converted to standard Ohio gauge.
Many lines added to New York State's railroad system, during the 1800's, reached the western regions of that state, providing connections into Pennsylvania.
A number railroad connections were built during the 1800's to transport coal from mines in eastern Pennsylvania to New York State's industrial areas.
This map was published in 1829 by Anthony Finley. It shows roads, canals, railroads, and proposed railroads. Counties are distinguished by color.