This outline map of the Middle Atlantic States was published in 1884 by R.H. Alter. It displays cities, towns, counties, and the railroad system of the 1880's. Included are Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Maryland with portions of Ohio, West Virginia, Delaware, New York and Ontario, Canada. The railroads are completely labeled, with distances between stations noted.
The completion of the Morris Canal in 1831 helped Newark, New Jersey grow and prosper. The innovative canal ran from Phillipsburg to Newark. It enabled easy transportation of anthracite coal and other raw materials from the Lehigh Valley to various industrial destinations. Newark was the canal’s terminus. From here, shipments could be easily forwarded across Kearny Point and through Jersey City to the Hudson River.
The Lehigh Valley Railroad began operations in the 1850's between Mauch Chunk (present day Jim Thorpe) to the Delaware River. It was familiarly known as the “Route of the Black Diamond” as it became the main conveyor of coal from the region.
In the 1870's the Lehigh Valley Railroad began leasing the Morris Canal. The Philadelphia & Reading Railroad began operations in the 1830's. In 1877 the P & R was part of a state-wide railroad strike over wages.
The Pennsylvania Railroad was founded in 1846 and became a major railroad system connecting Chicago with New York, New Jersey and St. Louis.