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Historic Railroad Map of the United States & Canada - 1868

Code:
1W-NW-CA-1868-S-P
Shipping Weight:
2.00 pounds
Starting at $29.95

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Map of the country from Lake Superior to the Pacific Ocean.

This map of the northwest United States, which used the latest explorations and surveys, and accompanied a report of the New York Chamber of Commerce in 1868, was drawn and published in the previous year by G.W. & C.B. Colton & Co. It displays relief, drainage, cities, towns, military posts, and the railroad system of 1868. The Northern Pacific Railroad is highlighted in red.

The Northern Pacific was chartered by Congress in 1864. The goal of the railroad was to connect the Great Lakes with Puget Sound in Washington Territory. By opening up access to regions in the northwest the line hoped to offer good transportation of the western region’s resources to eastern locations and permit safe passenger travel west.

This map was published as the railroad was in its planning stages. Building was not begun on the line until 1870. Work proceeded east from Puget Sound while crews in Minnesota began laying tracks going west. Completion was delayed by constant Indian attacks upon surveyors and workers, and the line went bankrupt during the economic Panic of 1873. Upon reorganization, the Northern Pacific Railroad was finally completed in September of 1883. A grand ceremony at Gold Creek, in western Montana, where the two ends met, was climaxed with the installation of a gold spike. The railroad was plagued again in 1893 with bankruptcy proceedings, but after reorganizing, began improving. Its ability to upgrade equipment regularly and offer first-class travel service enabled the Northern Pacific to become one of the most popular railroads of the early 1900's.