View of Battle Creek, Calhoun County, M.I., 1869 / drawn & published by A. Ruger.
This panoramic print of Battle Creek, Michigan was drawn and published by Albert Ruger around 1869. Battle Creek was settled in the early 1830's along the creek by the same name. The creek powered saw mills that were erected along it, beginning in the late 1830's.
A brick works was established at Battle Creek in 1840. Battle Creek was the marketing and mill center for the region’s farmers. A number of important mills of the village would later receive much attention, including the flouring mills of L. C. Kellogg.
In 1866 the Battle Creek Sanitarium opened its doors as Western Health Reform Institute. The healthful retreat, using hydrotherapy, physical exercise and dietary techniques, operated under principles advocated by the Seventh-Day Adventist church. Battle Creek could be reached via the Michigan Central Railroad at that time.
The view shows mills and manufacturing establishments along the river, bridges, and railroad station activity in the foreground. It features illustrations and descriptions of the following:
- Agricultural Works, D. B. Burnham, Manufacturer of Wood Sawing Machines, Horse Powers and all kinds of Farming Implements. Commission Merchant and Dealer in Reapers, Mowers and Grain Drills.
- I. S. Upton & Co., Manufacturers of Pitts Massilion Separators, Upton’s Triple Clear Power Sawing Machines. Upton & Co., Manufacturers of Threshing Machines, Horse Power, and Grain Measures.
- W. Jefts & W. P. Adams, Manufacturers of Patent Extension Tables, Uncle Sam Separators. Planing, Matching & Moulding.
Adams & Smith, Manufacturers of Carriages, Buggies, Wagons & Sleighs. All work warranted.
Hart’s Flouring Mills, Thos. Hart, Proprietor.
Kellogg’s Flouring Mills, L. C. Kellogg, Proprietor.
E. A. Carder, Wholesale and Retail Dealer in all kinds of Furniture, Coffins, etc.
Leggett & Howe, Planing, Matching & Scroll Sawing. All orders promptly attended to.
Wm. Wallace, Manufacturer and Dealer in Woolen Goods. Cloths, Plain & Fancy Cassimeres, Tweeds, White, Plaid & Colored Flannels, Stocking Yarn, etc. At Wholesale & Retail.
Ward’s Flouring Mills, J. M. Ward, Commission Merchant. Dealer in Salt, Water Lime, Fish, Plaster, Stucco, and all kinds of Coarse Grain & Field Seeds.
J. C. Knights & Bro., Manufacturers of Doors, Sash, Blinds, Mouldings & Panel Work. Sashes, Doors, Blinds & Mouldings for common uses constantly on hand. Orders promptly filled.
A. C. Arnold, Wholesale and Retail Dealer and Manufacturer of Woodpumps & Water Pipe, also an Assortment of Iron Force, Lift & Suction Pumps, Well Buckets, Windlasses, Hydraulics, Fountains, Fountain Sets, Lead, Irons, Wood Pipe of all sizes, Water Hoisting Apparatus.
Jones, Lockwood & Lunt, Manufacturers of Doors, Sash & Blinds of the best style and workmanship kept constantly on hand and manufactured to order.