Historic Map - Columbia, SC - 1872

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View of Columbia, Richland County, S.C., 1872 / drawn & published by C. N. Drie.

This bird’s-eye view print of Columbia, South Carolina was drawn and published by C. N. Drie in 1872. Columbia was settled on the east bank of the Congaree River in the late 1700's.

When South Carolina was made a state, Columbia, because of its central location, was named state capital.

A canal leading to the port town of Charleston was formed in the early 1800's. Railroads reached Columbia in the 1840's. The town became a major cotton and woolen commercial center.

South Carolina seceded from the Union in 1860, but was readmitted in 1868. Much of Columbia was left in ashes following the Union army’s occupation during the American Civil War. At the war’s end Columbia experienced a major reconstruction of its buildings and damaged railroad system.

The map shows labeled roads, buildings, waterways and railroad route.

Features references to the following locations:


  • Capitol.
  • University of South Carolina.
  • Penitentiary.
  • Lunatic Asylum (Female).
  • Lunatic Asylum (Male).
  • Governor’s Mansion


  • Courthouse and Post Office.
  • Richland County Jail.
  • Public School.
  • Market.
  • City Hall.
  • City Water Works.
  • City Reservoir.


  • Episcopal Church.
  • Presbyterian Church.
  • Colored Presbyterian Church.
  • Methodist Churches.
  • St. Peter (Catholic) Church.
  • Baptist Church.
  • Colored Baptist Church.
  • German Lutheran Church.
  • Chapel University of South Carolina.
  • African M. E. Church.


  • Presbyterian Theological Seminary.
  • Columbia Male Academy.
  • Fair Grounds.
  • Cemetery.
  • Sydney Park.
  • U. S. Barracks.
  • Masonic Hall.
  • Carolina Hall.


  • Gas Works.
  • Palmetto Iron Works.
  • Phenix Iron Works.
  • Howie & Allen Saw Mill.
  • City Machine Works.
  • Congaree Works.
  • C. C. & A. R. R. & Machine Shop.


  • Columbia Hotel.
  • Nickerson’s Hotel.
  • Rose’s Hotel.
  • Hendrix House.
  • National Hotel.
  • Central Hotel.

Questions about the Historic Map - Columbia, SC - 1872?

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