Historic Map - Columbus, GA - 1886

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Perspective map of Columbus, Ga., county seat of Muscogee County, 1886. H. Wellge. Beck & Pauli Lith. Co.

Perspective map of Columbus, Georgia, published in H., Wellge in 1886. Founded in 1828 and named for Christopher Columbus, the city of Columbus was well situated for navigation down the Chattahoochee River and was along the last stretch of the Federal Road before entering Alabama. Once the railroads arrived in the 1850s, textile mills began to be established along the river and the city became an important industrial city as well as an agricultural center.

Columbus was second only to Richmond in the manufacture of supplies for the Confederate Army during the Civil War. The site of the "Last Land Battle in the War Between the States" is commemorated here with an historic marker. On Easter Sunday, April 16th, 1865, Union troops attacked the city, unaware that Lee had surrendered to Grant and of the assassination of President Lincoln. A needless battle left many of the city's industrial buildings destroyed, and lives lost. The "Battle of Columbus" was the last land battle of the Civil War.

This map captures the city as it appeared twenty-one years after the Civil War, following its vigorous approach to Reconstruction, with many factories revived and rapid growth that outpaced its original plan.

A small inset map showing "Columbus' Transportation Facilities" and their routes is featured in the lower left portion of the map. Inset illustrations of the following businesses and sites appear in the upper and lower margins of the map.

Inset illustrations of the following businesses and sites appear in the upper and lower margins of the map:

J. K. Orr & Co, Wholesale Boots & Shoes.
E. M. Walsh & Co., Manufacturers of Ice & Mineral Waters, Steam Bottlers.
The Georgia Midland Construction Co., G. Gunby Jordan, President; J. E. Granniss, Vice-President; W. S. Greene, Chief Engineer; M. E. Gray, Treasurer.
Empire Flour Mills, G. W. Woodruff, Proprietor. Full Roller Process System. Capacity, 600 Bbls. Flour, 2000 Bush. of Meal.
Swift Manufacturing Co., W. A. Swift, President; G. M. Williams, Secretary & Treasurer. Manufacture: Checks, Plaids, Cottonades and the Celebrated Mitcheline Bed Spreads.
The Georgia Home Insurance Co. and The National Bank of Columbus.
G. J. Peacock, Clothing Manufactory.
M. Joseph, Wholesale Dry Goods.
Columbus Ice & Refrigerating Co., Artificial Ice. Kansas City Dressed Meats.

Chattahoochee Bank.
Central Rail Road Offices and General Freight and Passenger Depot.
Alabama Warehouse. Office of Merchants & Planters Line Steamers.
Muscogee Manufacturing Co.
Eagle & Phenix Manufacturing Co., The Largest Cotton & Woolen Mills in the South. W. H. Young, President; A. I Young, Treasurer.
Georgia Steam & Gas Pipe Co., Wholesale & Retail Dealers in Steam Gas & Water Pipe and Fittings, 1035 Broad Street.
Columbus Iron Works Co., Founders & Machinists, Manufacturers of Steam Engines and General Machinery. Stratton's Absorption Ice Machine.
Garrett & Sons, Importers, Jobbers & Manufacturers of Cigars & Tobacco. Shield Cigar Factory.
Columbus Steam Bagging Co.
City Council Chambers and Police Headquarters.

Features numbered & lettered references to the following locations:

 A. Court House.
 B. Trinity Episcopal Church.
 C. First Presbyterian Church.
 D. St. Luke Methodist Church.
 E. First Baptist Church.
 F. Roman Catholic Church.
 G. St. Paul Methodist Church.
 H. Second Baptist Church.
  I. Jewish Synagogue.
 J. Broad Street Methodist Church.
 K. St. James Methodist Church, Colored.
 L. First Baptist Church, Colored.
 M. St. John's Methodist Church, Colored.
 N. First Presbyterian Church, Colored.
 O. Boys Public School.
 P. Girls Public School.
 Q. Colored Public School.
 R. Colored Public School.
 S. Public Library.
 T. Y. M. C. A. Hall.
 U. City Park.
 V. Salisbury Park.
 W. Rose Hill Park.
 X. Court House Park.
 Y. Union Depot.
 Z. Cemetery.
  1. Geo. A. Bradford, City Drug Store.
  2. Hatcher & Peabody, Attorneys at Law.
  3. M. A. Bradford, Saddles and Harness.
  4. D. A. Joseph, Merchandise & Produce Broker.
  5. C. H. Lequin, Jeweler.
  6. John Blackmar, Stock & Bond Broker and Real Estate Agent.
  7. Flournoy & Eppings, Alston Warehouse.
  8. H. A. Gibson, Furniture.
  9. Slade & Farish, Lowell Ware House.
10. Empire Stables.
11. J. S. Stewart, Job Printer.
12. R. Jefferson, Wholesale Grocer.
13. I. Joseph's Residence.
14. J. H. Edwards, Saloon.
15. J. T. Kavanagh, Grocer.
16. Rhodes Brown, Fire Insurance Agent.
17. Rankin House, Jno. Scherf, Proprietor.
18. Carter & Bradley, Webster Ware House.
19. Johnston & Norman, Brokers.
20. Joel Bush, Hardware.
21. Mulford & Epping, Insurance Agents.
22. Frank McArdle's Residence.
23. Chancellor & Pearce, Clothiers and Merchant Tailors.
24. I. L. Pollard, Grocer.
25. Wells & Curtis, Boots and Shoes.
26. G. W. Dillingham's Residence.
27. Wm. Beach & Co., Hardware.
28. C. A. Redd & Co., Wholesale Grocers.
29. Soule, Redd & Co., Brokers and Real Estate Agents.
30. Mayor C. Grimes Residence.
31. Hunt Bros., Wholesale Grocer.
32. A. A. Dozier, Attorney at Law.
33. Merchant's and Mechanic's Bank.
34. B. T. Hatcher's Residence.
35. J. J. Slade, Slades School for Boys.
36. A. M. Elledge, Proprietor, Monumental Marble Works.
37. Springer Opera House, Theo. M. Foley, Manager.
38. O. S. Jordan's Residence.
39. Frazer & Dozier, Hardware.
40. T. S. Young & Co., Grocers.
41. W. B. Slade, Attorney and Councellor at Law.
42. J. S. Garrett's Residence.
43. G. Gunby Jordan's Residence.
44. C. Schomburg, Jeweler.
45. Cooper & Newsome, Wholesale Grocers.
46. H. F. Everett, Stoves and Tin Ware.
47. Thos. Gilbert, Printer, Binder and Paper Box Manufacturer.
48. O. C. Johnson, Red Star Stores.
49. J. A. Kirven & Co., Dry Goods.
50. J. C. Reedy, Real Estate Agent.
51. Swift & Hamburger, Planter's Ware House.
52. C. A. Lovelace & Co., Merchant Tailors and Gent's Furnishers.
53. T. S. Spear, Watches and Jewelry.
54. Villa Reich.
55. Thos. Chaffin, Books and Music.
56. A. A. Williams, Photograph Gallery.
57. Wittich & Kinsel, Watches and Jewelry.
58. Chas. Phillips, Residence and Grounds: Rose Hill.
59. G. E. Thomas, Jr., Attorney at Law.
60. R. P. Sommerkamp, will be with Loeb & Kaufman.


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