The reproduction panoramic view of Moundsville, West Virginia was drawn by Albert E. Downs and published by James B. Moyer in 1899. The two towns of Mound City and Elizabethtown were combined in 1865 to become Moundsville. The mound refers to a giant burial mound commonly called Grave Creek Mound, which was constructed in stages by the Adena culture from about 250-150 B. C. Early European settlers destroyed and looted much of the mound.
Moundsville is located on the Ohio River, and is county seat to Marshall County. It became home to the West Virginia State Penitentiary in the 1870's. The original building was constructed by prison labor, from local hand-cut sandstone, using Gothic Revival architecture. The mammoth structure’s façade contained half-size turrets and battlements at its Jefferson Avenue entrance and a parallelogram-shaped prison yard that measured 82 by 370 feet. One early observer noted that the architecture “exhibit(ed) as much as possible, great strength and convey(ed) to the mind a cheerless blank indicative of the misery which awaits the unhappy being who enters within its walls.” The prison with its additional buildings and shops operated until 1995.
The map from 1899 includes clearly labeled streets, buildings, the Ohio River and railroad lines. It features inset illustrations of the following:
Res. of J. C. Bardall.
The Market Place. “Sigafooses”. Lafayette Ave., cor. 8th.
Res. of B. F. Meighen.
Marshall Co. Court House.
McConnell Bros. Wholesale & Retail Grocers and Dealers in Dry Goods, Notions, etc.
River Shore Flour Mills. G. Martin.
Res. of R. S. McConnell.
Features numbered & lettered references to the following locations:
1. West Virginia Penitentiary.
2. Court House.
3. Public Schools.
4. Gospel Trumpet Pub. Co.
5. Wheeling Weaving Mills Co.
6. Suburban Brick Co.
7. Grist & Feed Mill. C. E. Jackson, Prop.
8. River Shore Flour Mill. L. G. Martin, Prop.
9. Planing Mill. W. H. Nace & Co., Props.
10. Cigar & Stogie Factory. A. J. Seaman, Prop.
11. Electric Light Plant.
12. B. & O. R. R. Station.
13. O. R. R. R. Station.
14. Trumpet Home.
A. Catholic Church.
B. Methodist E. Church.
C. Episcopal Church.
D. Christian Church.
E. Presbyterian Church.
F. Church of God.