Historic Map - Mystic River & Mystic Bridge, CT - 1879

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View of Mystic River & Mystic Bridge, Conn. 1879. Drawn & pub. by O. H. Bailey & J. C. Hazen.

An historic map print reproduction of Mystic River and Mystic Bridge, Connecticut , published by O. H. Bailey and J. C. Hazen in 1879. A region that was once part of the Pequot Empire that encompassed southeastern Connecticut during the 17th century, the Pequot Tribe built their first village in the region, Siccanemos, overlooking the western bank of the Mystic River. Tensions with Dutch and English colonists eventually divided the tribe and led to the Pequot War, which culminated in May of 1637, when the Pequot settlement in Mystic was decimated by troops led by English captains John Underhill and John Mason, along with Narragansett and Mohegan allies.

The English colonists eventually developed three villages along the Mystic River. Agriculture was the main enterprise, but manufacturing and maritime trades were also developing. The first Mystic Bridge was installed in 1819. At this time, the west side of the river near the bridge was called Portersville and the east side was known as Mystic Bridge, when the first oxen-powered draw bridge was built, around 1835. Portersville became known as Mystic River around 1850. Mystic River and Mystic Bridge kept their separate names until about 1890, when the U. S. Post Office required the names to be merged and become simply Mystic. Today, the area once called Mystic Bridge is called "Old Mystic". 

Complete reference list below.

Features lettered references to the following locations:

A. St. Mark's Episcopal Church
B. Union Baptist Church
C. Congregational Church
D. Methodist Episcopal Church
E. St. Patrick's R. Catholic Church
F. Seventh Day Baptist Church
G. Mystic River National Bank
H. First National Bank of Mystic Bridge
 I. Post Office
J. Mystic Valley Institute
K. High & Public School
L. Academy
M. Washington Hall
N. Central Hall
O. Morgan Hall
P. Hoxie House
R. Greenmanville Manufacturing Co.
S. Dudley Manufacturing Co.
T. Standard Machinery Co.

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