Reproduction Panoramic View of Norfolk, Virginia, published by the American Publishing Company in 1892. An area with a long colonial history, the newly formed Norfolk County, which includes present day Norfolk, Chesapeake and parts of Portsmouth, was named for Norfolk, England, the birthplace of Adam Thoroughgood, an indentured servant who arrived in the colonies in 1622. Once Thoroughgood had earned his freedom, he became a leading citizen of the colony and was granted a large land holding along the Lynnhaven River in 1636, where he convinced more than a hundred people to settle. The city was granted a royal charter as a borough by King George II in 1736.
Norfolk became what was considered the most prosperous city in Virginia and served as a strong Loyalist support base during the American Revolution. Lord Dunmore, the Royal Governor of Virginia was forced to flee Norfolk in 1775 under pressure from the revolutionary forces. In 1776, on New Year's Day, Lord Dunmore returned with a fleet of three ships that bombarded the city for over eight hours. Over 800 buildings were destroyed and the patriots destroyed the remaining buildings to prevent them from being retaken by the British.
During the Civil War, Norfolk was witness to the first battle between ironclad naval boats in the spring of 1862, when the USS Monitor and the CSS Virginia fought the Battle of Hampton Roads off the northwest shore of the city's Sewell Point Peninsula. The city was surrendered to the Union forces in May, 1862 and remained under martial law for the duration of the war.
This map was published compliments of Pollard Bros.' Real Estate in Norfolk. Printed below the title is the statement, "Hampton Roads, Norfolk Harbor, Designated by Act of Congress as the site for the Grand Naval Review of the Marines of the World in 1893, in connection with the World's Columbian Exposition."
The map includes an inset map, detailing the rail lines through Norfolk. The following detailed inset illustrations are also featured on the map:
The Chesapeake Hotel.
The Gladstone Hotel.
The New Atlantic Hotel.
The St. James Hotel.