Historic Railroad Map of Virginia and North Carolina - 1862

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Colton's Map of the Seat of War in Virginia, showing minutely the interesting localities in the vicinity of Richmond.

Virginia seceded from the United States in 1861, joining the Confederate States, with Richmond named as its capital. An agreement of the Wheeling Convention, in that same year, defined and separated West Virginia from Virginia, with West Virginia remaining allegiant to the North.

The South's largest foundry had been formed in Richmond when the rolling mills and furnaces created by engineer Rhys Davies, from Tredegar, South Wales, merged with the established Virginia Foundry in 1837, becoming Tredegar Iron Works.

The capabilities and strategic location of the Tredegar Iron Works led to the decision to make Richmond the capital of the Confederacy. The 721 tons of armor plating that covered the world's first ironclad ship, the CSS Virginia, was made by Tredegar Iron Works.

Repeated attempts by Union forces to take Richmond failed and it was only with the fall of nearby Petersburg, in 1865, that the fate of Richmond was sealed. On "Evacuation Sunday", President Davis, and the Confederate defenders abandoned Richmond, under orders to set fire to bridges, the armory and warehouses. The city was mostly abandoned, allowing the fire to spread out of control, destroying large sections of the city. The city was surrendered to the Union Army the next day.

This map was published in 1862 by Joseph H. Colton. It shows cities, towns, counties, waterways, and clealy labeled railroad system of 1862.

Map was signed in 1862 by Millard Fillmore.


Archive Paper

Archive Paper

Premium fine art paper that provides accurate color reproduction with high-contrast, high-resolution print output and maximum image permanence. A high-quality print ready for framing.

  • Museum quality paper for high-quality fine art.
  • Ultra smooth, neutral white matte finish.
  • Heavy-weight 230 gsm, 9.5 mil thickness.
  • Printed with pigment inks for longer print life and enhanced fade resistance.
  • Pigment based Canon LUCIA inks provide smooth tones and rich colors in fine, precise detail.
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