First settled in 1767, when Amos Bird and Noah Lee arrived from Salisbury, Connecticut. Amos Bird built a permanent residence there in 1769. More settlers followed and the village contained about 17 families by the time of the Revolutionary War. Castleton was the site of a meeting held by Ethan Allen and his Green Mountain Boys, along with Benedict Arnold while planning their successful attack on nearby Fort Ticonderoga.
Throughout the 1800's, Castleton developed slate and marble industries, as well as its agricultural community. Lake Bomoseen became a popular destination for tourists, with a trolley line that connected the lake to the village. Several luxury hotels were built around the west end of the lake. Many fine examples of Federal and Greek Revival architecture still remain along Main Street (shown on the map) and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Features numbered & lettered references to the following locations:
Roman Catholic Church.
Methodist Episcopal Church.
Town Hall and Public School.
State Normal School, A. E. Leavenworth, Principal.
Bomoseen House, A. N. W. Smith, Proprietor.
Bromley & Clark, Attorneys at Law and Insurance Agents.
John Howe, Attorney at Law.
Livery and Sale Stable, H. Ellis, Proprietor.
C. S. Proctor, Grocery.
F. J. Preston, Jeweler.
R. J. Hanley, Carriage Manufacturer.
F. L. Reed, Hardware.
Bank. C. S. Sherman, President.
D. G. Burt, Harness Maker.
John J. Jones, Slate Quarry.