A bird's-eye view of Danbury, CT, in 1884. The first hat factory in Danbury was established by Zadoc Benedict, in 1780, producing 18 hats a week and employing three workers. Danbury came to be known as the "Hatting Capital of the World", or simply as "The Hat City" throughout the 19th and early 20th century. The city once made 25% of the nations hats. Several hat companies are referenced on the map, as well as hat box companies and others that served the industry.
Also referenced on the map are the 1st and 2nd Congregational Churches, along with the Baptist Church, among others. It is interesting to note that Thomas Jefferson used the expression "Separation of Church and State" in a letter written to the Danbury Baptist Association, in response to their concerns about persecution by the Danbury Congregationalists in 1802. This was the first known instance of the expression. The letter is now on display at the Unitarian-Universalist Congregation of Danbury.
The famous American modernist composer, Charles Ives (October 20, 1874 - May 19, 1954) was born in Danbury and would have been a young boy at the time this map was published.
Complete reference list below.
Features numbered & lettered references to the following locations:
1. First Congregational Church.
2. Second Congregational Church.
3. St. James Episcopal Church.
4. Methodist Episcopal Church.
5. Baptist Church.
6. German Lutheran Church
7. Desciples Church.
8. Universalist Church.
9. St. Peters, Roman Catholic Church.
10. Sandemanian Church.
11. Non-Sectarian Meeting, Union Hall.
12. Town Hall and Court House.
13. County Jail of Danbury.
14. Danbury National Bank.
15. National Pahquioque Bank.
16. The Union Savings Bank.
17. Savings Bank of Danbury.
18. Post Office.
19. Library Building.
20. Danbury and Norwalk R. R. Depot.
21. N. Y. & N. E. R. R. Depot.
22. Housatonic R. R. Depot.
23. Wooster House, W. W. Raymond.
24. Turner House, S. Bliss.
25. New England Hotel, Louis Maigling.
26. Soldiers Monument.
27. Opera House.
28. T. Stevens & Son, Hatters' Machinists.
28. Joseph Mott, Light Special Machinery.
28. W. A. Faber, Model Maker.
29. James Vaughan's Carriage Manufactory.
30. Victor Morrill's Carriage Manufactory.
31. Beckerle & Co., Hat Manufactory.
32. L. H. Johnson & Co., Hat Manufactory.
33. Gardner's Hat Manufactory.
34. Crofut & White, Hat Manufactory.
35. The New Hat Co..
36. Meeker's Hat Manufactory.
37. Nichols & Hine, Hat Manufactory.
38. Rundell & White, Hat Manufactory.
39. Tweedy Manufacturing Co., Hat Manufactory.
40. D. E. Loewe & Co., Hat Manufactory.
41. E. A. Mallery & Sons, Hat Manufactory.
42. Jones' Fur Factory.
43. Robinson's Fur Factory.
44. Merrit's Hat Manufactory.
45. T. Brothwell & Co., Hat Manufactory.
46. T. C. Millard & Co., Hat Manufactory.
47. Byron Dexter's Hat Manufactory.
48. C. W. Murphy & Co., Hat Manufactory.
49. Foster Bros., Sawing and Planing Mill.
50. Starr's Box Factory.
51. Clark & Co., Paper Box Manufactory.
52. Abijah Abbott, Paper Box Manufactory.
53. C. H. Reed's Machine Works.
54. McKee's Steam Mill.
55. R. A. Belden & Co.
56. Gas Works.
57. Wooster Cemetery Marble Works.
58. Public Schools.
59. H. C. Cable's Green Houses.