|The state of North Carolina was one of the original thirteen British colonies, and was the first area that English explorers attempted to settle. Known as the Province of Carolina from 1663 to 1712, the area included both North and South Carolina until 1720, when the colony split. Both of the colonies became British royal colonies in 1729. After the Revolutionary War, the colony was admitted to the Union as a state on November 21st, 1789. The state is now made up of 100 counties and is home to several large cities, including Charlotte and Raleigh.